Person:Thomas Pelham-Holles (1)

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
b.21 Jul 1693
d.17 Nov 1768
  1. Lucy Pelham - 1736
  2. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne1693 - 1768
  3. Henry Pelham1694 - 1754
  4. Frances Pelham - 1756
  • HThomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne1693 - 1768
  • WHarriet Godolphin
m. Apr 1717
Facts and Events
Name Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 Jul 1693
Marriage Apr 1717 to Harriet Godolphin
Death[1] 17 Nov 1768
Reference Number? Q273809?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme, (21 July 1693 – 17 November 1768) was a British Whig statesman, whose official life extended throughout the Whig supremacy of the 18th century. He is commonly known as the Duke of Newcastle.

A protégé of Sir Robert Walpole, he served under him for more than twenty years, until 1742. He held power with his brother, Prime Minister Henry Pelham until 1754. He had at this point served as a Secretary of State continuously for thirty years—dominating British foreign policy.

After Henry's death the Duke was prime minister six years, in two separate periods. While his first premiership was not particularly notable, Newcastle precipitated the Seven Years' War; his weak diplomacy cost him the premiership. After his second term as Prime Minister, he served for a short while in Lord Rockingham's ministry, before retiring from government. He was most effective as a deputy to a leader of greater ability, such as Walpole, his brother, or Pitt. Few politicians in British history matched his skills and industry in using patronage to maintain power over long stretches of time. His genius appeared as the chief party manager for the Whigs, 1715–1761. He used his energy and his money to select candidates, distribute patronage, and win elections. He was especially influential in the counties of Sussex, Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. His greatest triumph came in the 1734 election.

Outside the electoral realm, his reputation has suffered. Historian Harry Dickinson says that he became:

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.