Person:Sigismund I the Old (1)

Sigismund I "The Old" _____
b.1 Jan 1467
d.1 Apr 1548
  • HSigismund I "The Old" _____1467 - 1548
  • WBona Sforza1495 - 1558
m. 18 Apr 1518
  1. Isabella Jagiełło1519 - 1559
  2. Sigismund II Augustus _____1520 - 1572
  3. Sophie Jagiellon, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg1522 - 1575
  4. Anna Jagiellon1523 - 1596
  5. Catherine Jagellon of Poland1526 - 1583
  6. Wojciech Olbracht1527 - 1527
  1. Hedwig Jagiellon, Electress of Brandenburg1513 - 1573
  2. Anna Jagiellon1515 - 1520
  1. John Jagiellon1499 - 1538
  2. Regina Szafraniec1500 - 1526
  3. Katharine Jagiellon1503 - 1548
Facts and Events
Name Sigismund I "The Old" _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1 Jan 1467 House of Jagiellon
Marriage 18 Apr 1518 to Bona Sforza
Marriage to Barbara Zápolya
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Katarzyna Telniczanka
Death[1] 1 Apr 1548
Reference Number? Q54056?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sigismund I of Poland (; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548), of the Jagiellon dynasty, reigned as King of Poland and also as the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until 1548. Earlier, Sigismund had been invested as Duke of Silesia. A successful monarch and a great patron of arts, he established Polish suzerainty over Ducal Prussia (East Prussia) and incorporated the duchy of Mazovia into the Polish state, securing the nation's wealth, culture and power.

Sigismund I, the fifth son of Casimir IV and Elisabeth of Habsburg, had ruled Głogów, Silesia, since 1499 and became margrave of Lusatia and governor of all Silesia in 1504. In a short time his judicial and administrative reforms transformed those territories into model states. He succeeded his brother Alexander I as grand prince of Lithuania and king of Poland in 1506. Although he established fiscal and monetary reforms, he often clashed with the Polish Diet over extensions of royal power. At the Diet’s demand he married Barbara, daughter of Prince Stephen Zápolya of Hungary, in 1512, to secure a defense treaty and produce an heir. She died three years later, however, leaving only daughters. In 1518 Sigismund married the niece of the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian, Bona Sforza of Milan, by whom he had one son, Sigismund II Augustus, and four daughters. His daughter Catherine later married John III of Sweden, from whom the Vasa kings of Poland were descended.

In 1521 Sigismund made peace with his nephew Albert, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, a paramilitary religious order that ruled East Prussia. Albert became a Lutheran and converted the Teutonic state to Protestantism in 1525, defecting from both the Papacy and Holy Roman Emperor and agreeing to do public homage to Sigismund in return for being granted the title of secular duke of Prussia and Ducal Prussia coming under Polish suzerainty. Sigismund added the Duchy of Masovia (now the province of Warsaw) to the Polish state in 1529, after the death of Janusz III, the last of its Piast dynasty rulers. Under the command of Jan Tarnowski, Sigismund’s army defeated the invading forces of Moldavia at Obertyn in 1531 and of Muscovy in 1535, thereby safeguarding Poland’s eastern borders.[1]

Sigismund, influenced by his wife, brought Italian artists to Kraków and promoted the development of the Polish variety of the Italian Renaissance. Although a devout Catholic, he accorded religious toleration to Greek Orthodox Christians and royal protection to Jews. At first he vigorously opposed Lutheranism but later resigned himself to its growing power in Poland.[1]

Sigismund I was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Sigismund I the Old, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.