Person:Rose Nicholls (1)

Rose Nicholls
m. 8 Apr 1899
  1. James Nicholls1899 - 1904
  2. Rose Nicholls1901 - 1985
  3. Minnie Nicholls1903 - 2005
  4. Lily Nicholls1905 - 1998
  5. Daisy Nicholls1907 - 1907
  6. Arthur Nicholls1909 - 1973
  7. George Nicholls1911 - 1946
m. 11 Apr 1925
Facts and Events
Name Rose Nicholls
Gender Female
Birth[1][2] 2 Jul 1901 Harpenden, Hertfordshire, EnglandWheathampstead Road (109 Southdown Road)
Christening[2] 25 Aug 1901 Harpenden, Hertfordshire, EnglandSt Nicholas
Census[3] 2 Apr 1911 Harpenden, Hertfordshire, EnglandWheathampstead Road
Marriage 11 Apr 1925 Harpenden, Hertfordshire, EnglandSt Nicholas
to Stewart John Marshall
Death[4] 1 Jun 1985 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandSt Mary's Hopsital


Rose and her parents and siblings in about 1918.
Rose and her parents and siblings in about 1918.

Rose Nicholls was born on 2nd July 1901 at Harpenden in Hertfordshire, daughter of a straw hat machinist named Annie Maria Nicholls, formerly Moles, and her husband George Nicholls, a bricklayer's labourer. Rose was the couple's second child, but when Rose was two years old her elder brother James died, leaving Rose as the eldest surviving child.

When Rose was born, both her grandmothers were still alive, whilst her paternal grandfather, Daniel William Nicholls, had died less than three months before she was born. Rose's paternal grandmother, Maria Nicholls, formerly Hornet, came to live with Rose's parents until her death in 1906. Rose's maternal grandmother, Fanny Moles, formerly Worbey, lived about 15 miles away from Harpenden in Hitchin. She survived until 1922, when Rose was 21.

Rose and Jack's wedding.
Rose and Jack's wedding.
Rose had five younger siblings: Minnie, Lily, Daisy, Arthur and George. Daisy died as a baby, but Rose, Minnie, Lily, Arthur and George all lived to adulthood. The 1911 census finds the family still living at Wheathampstead Road in Harpenden.

In later life Rose annotated a photographic history of Harpenden to indicate pictures of her childhood homes. She indicated that the children had all been born at the house now called 109 Southdown Road (formerly called Wheathampstead Road). They then moved to another house on Southdown Road opposite Skew Bridge - that house is no longer there, having been demolished to make way for Heath Close in the 1960s. They then moved again, with Rose's third home being 68 Cravells Road, which is where her parents were to stay for the rest of their lives.


Rose and Jack's wedding, family group.
Rose and Jack's wedding, family group.

On 11th April 1925, aged 23, Rose married a fettler named Stewart John (known as Jack) Marshall. He was from the neighbouring town of Luton. Apparently they met at Harpenden station. They married at the parish church of St Nicholas in Harpenden. Their marriage was reported in the Herts Advertiser (transcribed below).

Rose, Jack and grandchildren circa 1961.
Rose, Jack and grandchildren circa 1961.
After their marriage they settled in Luton, where they had a daughter in 1929 and a son in 1933. By 1933 they were living at 41 Trent Road. This was a relatively newly built council house. Some time between 1939 and 1949 they moved two doors down to 37 Trent Road, which was slightly larger. Jack worked as a fettler at an iron foundry, whilst Rose was a canteen cook.

Both Rose's children married in the 1950s, and she knew all four of her grandchildren, who were all born between 1954 and 1956. Some time between 1957 and 1959 Jack and Rose left 37 Trent Road and moved to 3 Poets Green, a newly-built house to the west of Luton. Having been council tenants for most of their lives at Trent Road, they managed to buy the house at Poets Green, which was to be their home for the rest of their lives.

Jack died on 23rd April 1966. He was 67. Rose outlived him by nearly 20 years, and knew six of her seven great grandchildren. She died on 1st June 1985 at St Mary's Hospital in Luton, aged 83.

  1. Birth certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.

    When born: 2 Jul 1901
    Where born: Wheathampstead Road, Harpenden Urban UD
    Name: Rose
    Sex: Girl
    Father: George Nicholls, bricklayers labourer
    Mother: Annie Maria Nicholls, formerly Moules
    Informant: A.M. Nicholls, Wheathampstead Road, Harpenden Urban
    Registered: 30 Jul 1901

  2. 2.0 2.1 Baptisms register, in Church of England. Harpenden Parish Registers, Primary quality.

    No. 886
    When baptised: 1901 Aug 25th, born July 2nd 1901
    Name: Rose
    Parents: George & Annie Maria
    Surname: Nicholls
    Abode: Wheathampstead Road, Harpenden
    Father's occupation: Labourer
    By whom the ceremony was performed: W.R. Long Assist. Curate

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 14 General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules, RG14PN7656 RG78PN377 RD139 SD1 ED4 SN170, 2 Apr 1911, Primary quality.

    Address: Wheathampstead Road, Harpenden, Hertfordshire
    4 rooms occupied
    George Nicholls, head, male, 36 [1874/5], married, General Labourer, worker, b. Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire
    Annie Maria Nicholls, wife, female, 38 [1872/3], married 12 years, 7 children born, 5 children still living, Straw Hat Machinist, worker, working at home, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Rose Nicholls, daughter, female, 9 [1901/2], b. Harpenden, Hertfordshire
    Minnie Nicholls, daughter, female, 7 [1903/4], b. Harpenden, Hertfordshire
    Lily Nicholls, daughter, female, 6 [1904/5], b. Harpenden, Hertfordshire
    Arthur Nicholls, son, male, 2 [1908/9], b. Harpenden, Hertfordshire
    George Nicholls, son, male, 1 month [1911], b. Harpenden, Hertfordshire

  4. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.
  5.   Herts Advertiser, Saturday 18 April 1925
    "For Better or Worse." EASTERTIDE MARRIAGES SOLEMNISED AT HARPENDEN MARSHALL-NICHOLLS The Rev. E. Michell officiated at the wedding of Miss Rose Nicholls, eldest daughter of Mr. George Nicholls, of 68, Cravells-road, Harpenden, and Mr. Stewart John Marshall, third son of Mr. John Marshall, of 44, Cambridge-street, Luton, which took place at the Parish Church, on Saturday. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a dress of white crepe-de-chene, with lace sleeves and white panels ornamented with silver beads. Her bouquet was composed of white lilies and roses. The bridegroom's gift to her was a silver bracelet. There were three bridesmaids the Misses Minnie and Lily Nicholls (sisters of the bride) and Miss Vera Marshall (niece of the bridegroom). Their dresses were of cornflower-blue crepe-de-chene, beautifully embroidered, while their hats were of silver-grey crinoline with cornflower-blue trimmings to match the dresses. They carried bouquets of pink carnations and tulips. The best man was Mr. George Marshall (brother of the bridegroom). A reception was afterwards held at the home of the bride.