Person:Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia (1)

Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
d.Est 13 Jun 1918 Perm', Perm, Perm, Russia
Facts and Events
Name Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
Gender Male
Birth[1] 22 Nov 1878 (O.S.) Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Death[1] Est 13 Jun 1918 Perm', Perm, Perm, Russia
Reference Number? Q154444?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia (; 13 June 1918) was the youngest son and fifth child of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and youngest brother of Nicholas II.

At the time of his birth, his paternal grandfather Alexander II was still the reigning Emperor of All the Russias. Michael was fourth-in-line to the throne after his father and elder brothers Nicholas and George. After the assassination of his grandfather in 1881, he became third-in-line and, in 1894, after the death of his father, second-in-line. George died in 1899, leaving Michael as heir presumptive.

The birth of Nicholas's son Alexei in 1904 moved Michael back to second-in-line, but Alexei inherited the blood-clotting disorder haemophilia and was not expected to live. Michael caused a commotion at the imperial court when he took Natalia Sergeyevna Wulfert, a married woman, as a lover. Nicholas sent Michael to Orel to avoid scandal but this did not deter Michael, who travelled frequently to see his mistress. After the couple's only child, George, was born in 1910, Michael brought Natalia to St. Petersburg where she was shunned by society. In 1912, Michael shocked Nicholas by marrying Natalia in the hope that he would be removed from the line of succession. Michael and Natalia left Russia to live in exile abroad in France, Switzerland and England.

After the outbreak of World War I, Michael returned to Russia, assuming command of a cavalry regiment. When Nicholas abdicated on , Michael was named as his successor instead of Alexei. Michael, however, deferred acceptance of the throne until ratification by an elected assembly. He was never confirmed as Emperor and, following the Russian Revolution of 1917, he was imprisoned and murdered.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.