Person:Ferdinand VII of Spain (1)

Fernando VII de España
d.29 Sep 1833 Madrid, Madrid, Spain
m. 20 Oct 1819
Facts and Events
Name Fernando VII de España
Gender Male
Birth[1] 14 Oct 1784 El Escorial, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Marriage to Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Marriage 20 Oct 1819 Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, Spainto Prinzessin Maria Josepha von Sachsen
Marriage to Maria Isabel of Portugal
Marriage to Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
Death[1] 29 Sep 1833 Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Reference Number? Q186256?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ferdinand VII (; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He was known to his supporters as the Desired (el Deseado) and to his detractors as the Felon King (el Rey Felón). After being overthrown by Napoleon in 1808 he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left. Back in power in 1814, he reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812. A revolt in 1820 led by Rafael de Riego forced him to restore the constitution thus beginning the Liberal Triennium: a three year period of liberal rule. In 1823 the Congress of Verona authorized a successful French intervention restoring him to absolute power for the second time. He suppressed the liberal press from 1814 to 1833 and jailed many of its editors and writers. Under his rule, Spain lost nearly all of its American possessions, and the country entered into civil war on his death.

His reputation among historians is very low. Historian Stanley Payne writes:

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Ferdinand VII of Spain, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.