Person:Carl Linnaeus (1)

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Carl Linnaeus
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Name[1] Carl Linnaeus
Alt Name[1][2] Carolus Linnæus
Alt Name[1][3] Carolus a Linné
Alt Name[1][4][6] Carl von Linné
Alt Name[1][5] Carl Linnæus
Gender Male
Birth[1] 23 May 1707 Råshult, Kronoberg, Sweden
Marriage 26 Jun 1739 to Sara Moræa
Death[1] 10 Jan 1778 Danmark, Uppsala, Sweden
Burial[1] 22 Jan 1778 Uppsala Cathedral, Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
Occupation[1] Scientist
Cause of Death[1] complications of multiple strokes
Reference Number? Q1043?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Carl Linnaeus (; 23 MayCite error 3; Invalid call; invalid keys, e.g. too many or wrong key specified 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as (after 1761 Carolus a Linné).

Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, while publishing several volumes. He was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe at the time of his death.

Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth." Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly."[1] Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist". Linnaeus has been called (Prince of Botanists) and "The Pliny of the North". He is also considered as one of the founders of modern ecology.

In botany, the abbreviation L. is used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for a species' name. In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn." is found. Linnaeus's remains comprise the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen that he is known to have examined was himself.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 "Carl Linnaeus", in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, 29 Jul 2013.
  2. Latin name prior to 1761
  3. Latin name after 1761
  4. Name under his Swedish noble title
  5. this was his birth name
  6. the von Linné surname is extinct