Person:Augustus II the Strong (1)

Augustus II the Strong _____
b.12 May 1670
d.1 Feb 1733
  1. Augustus III of Poland1696 - 1763
  1. Johann Georg _____, de Saxe1704 - 1774
  1. Anna Karolina Orzelska1707 - 1769
Facts and Events
Name Augustus II the Strong _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 May 1670 House of Wettin
Marriage to Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Ursula Katharina of Altenbockum
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Henriette Rénard
Death[1] 1 Feb 1733
Reference Number? Q53437?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Augustus II the Strong (; ; ; 12 May 16701 February 1733) of the Albertine line of the House of Wettin was Elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I), Imperial Vicar and elected King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.

Augustus' great physical strength earned him the nicknames "the Strong", "the Saxon Hercules" and "Iron-Hand". He liked to show that he lived up to his name by breaking horseshoes with his bare hands and engaging in fox tossing by holding the end of his sling with just one finger while two of the strongest men in his court held the other end. He is also notable for having conceived a very large number of children.

In order to be elected King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Augustus converted to Roman Catholicism. As a Catholic, he received the Order of the Golden Fleece from the Holy Roman Emperor.

As Elector of Saxony, he is perhaps best remembered as a patron of the arts and architecture. He established the Saxon capital of Dresden as a major cultural centre, attracting artists from across Europe to his court. Augustus also amassed an impressive art collection and built lavish baroque palaces in Dresden and Warsaw.

His reigns brought Poland some troubled times. He led the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Great Northern War, which led to the Russian Empire strengthening its influence in Europe, especially within Poland. His main pursuit was bolstering royal power in the Commonwealth, characterized by broad decentralization in comparison with other European monarchies. He tried to accomplish this goal using foreign powers and thus destabilized the state.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Augustus II the Strong, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.