Person:Augustus II the Strong (1)

Augustus II the Strong _____
b.12 May 1670
d.1 Feb 1733
  1. Augustus III of Poland1696 - 1763
  1. Johann Georg _____, de Saxe1704 - 1774
  1. Anna Karolina Orzelska1707 - 1769
Facts and Events
Name Augustus II the Strong _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 May 1670 House of Wettin
Marriage to Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Ursula Katharina of Altenbockum
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Henriette Rénard
Death[1] 1 Feb 1733
Reference Number? Q53437?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Augustus II (12 May 16701 February 1733), most commonly known as Augustus the Strong, was Elector of Saxony from 1694 as well as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in the years 1697–1706 and from 1709 until his death in 1733. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.

Augustus' great physical strength earned him the nicknames "the Strong", "the Saxon Hercules" and "Iron-Hand". He liked to show that he lived up to his name by breaking horseshoes with his bare hands and engaging in fox tossing by holding the end of his sling with just one finger while two of the strongest men in his court held the other end. He is also notable for fathering a very large number of children.

In order to be elected King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Augustus converted to Roman Catholicism. As a Catholic, he received the Order of the Golden Fleece from the Holy Roman Emperor and established the Order of the White Eagle, Poland's highest distinction. As Elector of Saxony, he is perhaps best remembered as a patron of the arts and architecture. He transformed the Saxon capital of Dresden into a major cultural centre, attracting artists from across Europe to his court. Augustus also amassed an impressive art collection and built lavish baroque palaces in Dresden and Warsaw. In 1717 he served as the Imperial vicar of the Holy Roman Empire.

His reigns brought Poland some troubled times. He led the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Great Northern War, which allowed the Russian Empire to strengthen its influence in Europe, especially within Poland. His main pursuit was bolstering royal power in the Commonwealth, characterized by broad decentralization in comparison with other European monarchies. He tried to accomplish this goal using foreign powers and thus destabilized the state. Augustus ruled Poland with an interval; in 1704 the Swedes installed nobleman Stanisław Leszczyński as king, who officially reigned from 1706 to 1709 and after Augustus' death in 1733 which sparked the War of the Polish Succession.

Augustus' body was buried in Poland's royal Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, but his heart rests in the Dresden Cathedral. His only legitimate son, Augustus III of Poland, became king in 1733.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Augustus II the Strong, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.