Place:Compton, Hampshire, England

Alt namesShawfordsource: village in parish
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates51.023°N 1.329°W
Located inHampshire, England
See alsoBuddlesgate Hundred, Hampshire, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Winchester Rural, Hampshire, Englandrural district in which it was located 1894-1974
Winchester District, Hampshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Compton from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"COMPTON, a parish in Winchester [registration] district, Hants; on the river Itchen and the Southwestern railway, 2½ miles SSW of Winchester. It has a post office under Winchester. Acres: 2,099. Real property: £5,369. Population: 279. Houses: 53. The property is divided among a few. A camp of observation, with a battery, was raised on Compton Down, by Cromwell, preliminary to his siege of Winchester. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Winchester. Value: 329. Patron: the Bishop of Winchester. The church is partly Norman, and has a rich Norman doorway. The churchyard contains the ashes of Dr. Huntingford, bishop of Hereford and warden of Winchester college; who commenced his career as curate of Compton. Charities, £9."

As an ancient parish it was part of Buddlesgate Hundred. In 1894 the civil parish was declared part of Winchester Rural District. Its area was reduced in 1932 to enlarge the parishes of Otterbourne and Winchester, and in 1956 to create the new parish of Olivers Battery. Since 1974 it has been part of the City of Winchester where it is part of the parish of Compton and Shawford.

Research Tips

  • Victoria County History of Hampshire, volume 3, chapter on Compton.
  • GENUKI has a list of archive holders in Hampshire including the Hampshire Record Office, various museums in Portsmouth and Southhampton, the Isle of Wight Record Office and Archives.
  • The Hampshire Online Parish Clerk project has a large collection of transcriptions from Parish Registers across Hampshire.
  • A listing of all the Registration Districts in England and Wales since their introduction in 1837 together with tables listing the parishes that were part of each district and the time period covered, along with detailed notes on changes of parish name, mergers, etc. Do respect the copyright on this material.
  • The three-storey City Museum in Winchester covers the Iron Age and Roman periods, the Middle Ages, and the Victorian period.
  • Volumes in The Victoria County History Series are available for Hampshire through British History Online. There are three volumes and the county is covered by parishes within the old divisions of "hundreds".
A collection of maps on the A Vision of Britain through Time website illustrating the English county of Hampshire over the period 1832-1932 (the last two are expandible):
  • A group of maps of the post-1974 municipal districts or boroughs of Hampshire on Wikipedia Commons