Place:Poplar, London, England

Alt namesPoplar All Saints
TypeParish, Borough (metropolitan)
Coordinates51.507°N 0.0194°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1965)
Also located inMiddlesex, England     ( - 1889)
See alsoStepney, Middlesex, Englandparish in which it was located until 1817
Tower Hamlets (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon borough of which it became part in 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

The map is based on one in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11, Stepney, Bethnal Green from the Victoria County History Series provided by British History Online

Poplar, or Poplar All Saints, was historically an extra-parochial area associated with the parish of Stepney which became a chapelry in 1654. Poplar became a parish in its own right in 1817. In 1889 it was transferred from Middlesex to the newly-created County of London and in 1900 became part of Poplar Metropolitan Borough. Poplar Metropolitan Borough was abolished in 1965, becoming part of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

On a map of London Poplar can always be identified as the peninsula projecting from the north bank of the River Thames just east of Tower Bridge and the Tower of London. The peninsula itself is known as the Isle of Dogs. During the period from 1800 until after World War II it was a community linked to the docks that surrounded it. It suffered badly in the bombing of World War II and the population dropped by more than half between the censuses of 1931 and 1961.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

In 1855 the "Poplar District of the Metropolis" was formed, which also included Bromley-by-Bow and Stratford-at-Bow. In 1900 the district became the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar. Poplar Metropolitan Borough was formed from the three civil parishes and in 1907 these three were combined into a single civil parish called Poplar Borough, which covered the same area as the original metropolitan borough. In 1965 metropolitan boroughs were abolished throughout London and the area became part of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

The three civil parishes originally took their names from local churches: St. Mary Stratford-le-Bow, St. Leonard Bromley and All Saints Poplar. These names are commonly shortened to Bromley, Bow and Poplar. However, there are other places named Bow and Bromley around London and care must be taken to find the precise one referred to in a source.

From north to south Poplar Metropolitan Borough included the neighbourhoods of:

  • Millwall (to the west) and
  • Blackwall (to the east)

Together Millwall and Blackwall can be referred to as the Isle of Dogs.

The history of the area prior to 1900 will mostly be found in the articles for the various communities or neighbourhoods.

Poplar is No. 20 on the map to the right. All the boroughs and their codes can be found on the page County of London.

Greater London Research Tips

  • See under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • A street-by-street map of London (both sides of the Thames, and stretching from Limehouse and Stepney in the east to Hyde Park and Kensington in the west) drawn by Edward Mogg in 1806. Blows up to a very readable level.
  • Ordnance Survey map of London 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing London parishes just after the reorganization of 1899.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Middlesex 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Middlesex parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when much of the former area of Middlesex had been transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Surrey 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Surrey parishes (chiefly Southwark) just after the reorganization of 1899 when the most urban parts of Surrey were transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Kent 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Kent parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when the most urban part of Surrey had been transferred into London.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
  • Deceased Online includes four of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries (Brompton, Highgate, Kensal Green, and Nunhead) in its inventory of 65 London cemeteries. Transcripts for Abney Park are free with registration online at Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has "London, England, City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery Registers, 1841-1966". That leaves West Norwood without comprehensive online access to burial records.
  • Wikipedia also has an article entitled "Poplar, London" which may be of interest.
  • A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11, Stepney, Bethnal Green from the Victoria County History Series provided by British History Online deals with Stepney and Bethnal Green in depth, but Poplar is only mentioned in passing.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Metropolitan Borough of Poplar. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.