Place:Kilham, Northumberland, England

Alt namesThorningtonsource: hamlet in parish
TypeTownship, Civil parish
Coordinates55.586°N 2.185°W
Located inNorthumberland, England
See alsoKirknewton, Northumberland, Englandancient parish in which it was a township
Glendale Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Glendale Rural, Northumberland, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1974
Howtel, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish which it absorbed in 1955
Paston, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish which it absorbed in 1955
Coldsmouth and Thompsons Walls, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish or township which it absorbed in 1955
Berwick upon Tweed District, Northumberland, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area 1974-2009
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Kilham is a hamlet and civil parish in the English county of Northumberland, located 8.0 miles (12.9 km) west of Wooler, 12.0 miles (19.3 km) east of Kelso, 17.0 miles (27.4 km) southwest of Berwick upon Tweed and 38.9 miles (62.6 km) northwest of Morpeth. The hamlet, which consists of a small group of agricultural dwellings, is overlooked by Kilham Hill and the northern limits of the Cheviot Hills. The parish had a population of 131 in the 2001 UK census, and included the hamlets of Howtel and Pawston, along with the former upland township of Coldsmouth and Thompsons Walls. The population fell to less than 100 at the 2011 UK census. Because it is such a small place, details are now included in the parish of Branxton.

Situated on the border with Scotland, Kilham had a turbulent history. It suffered from repeated Scottish incursions, and was often destroyed and laid waste. The situation was considered serious enough for a report to be made to the Privy Council of England, about a raid in 1597 which had resulted in the death of several villagers. In later, more peaceful times, the area developed into an agricultural backwater, which was gradually opened up by the construction of roads and railways.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Kilham. This is a very good article on the social history of the community.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Kilham from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"KILHAM, a township in Kirk-Newton parish, Northumberland; 7½ miles N W by W of Wooler. It includes the hamlet of Thornington. Acres: 2,855. Population: 209. Houses: 39. The manor belongs to the Earl of Tankerville. The Kilham hills here are an offshoot of the Cheviots, bordering on Scotland.

Kilham was a township in the ancient parish of Kirknewton and became a separate civil parish in 1866. From 1894 until 1974 the parish was part of Glendale Rural District. In 1955 it was enlarged by the abolition of the parishes of Howtel and Paston, and the former upland township of Coldsmouth and Thompsons Walls. In 1974 rural districts were abolished and Kilham became part of the Berwick upon Tweed District until 2009 when Northumberland became a unitary authority.

Research Tips

  • Northumberland Archives previously known as Northumberland Collections Service and Northumberland County Record Office. Now based within Woodhorn Museum in Ashington and providing free access to numerous records for local and family historians alike.
Full postal address: Museum and Northumberland Archives, Queen Elizabeth II Country Park, Ashington, Northumberland, NE63 9YF; Phone: 01670 624455
There is a branch office in Berwick upon Tweed.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Kilham. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.