Place:East Garafraxa (township), Dufferin, Ontario, Canada

NameEast Garafraxa (township)
Alt namesEast Garafraxa Townshipsource: WeRelate abbreviation
East Garafraxa, Wellingtonsource: Ontario Birth Registrations
Coordinates43.85°N 80.25°W
Located inDufferin, Ontario, Canada     (1881 - )
See alsoWellington District, Upper Canada, Canadaadministrative district 1840-1849
Wellington, Ontario, Canadacounty preceeding Dufferin 1849-1874

East Garafraxa is a rural township in Dufferin County, Ontario, Canada, to the west of Orangeville and within relative commuting distance of Toronto, Brampton, Guelph, and Kitchener. East Garafraxa Township was first surveyed in 1821. It was settled mostly between 1833 and 1850.

The township includes the population centres of Marsville and Orton.

Ontario Archives provides a map of Dufferin illustrating the townships, villages and towns in the timeframe 1946-1950.

Map of Dufferin Co provided by Dufferin County GenWeb shows cemeteries and historic communities. A click on a township leads to a second page of very useful historical information and links to other sources.

A sample of Ontario Birth Registrations for the period 1870 to 1877 indicate that East Garafraxa township was in Wellington County so more research is required to determine when it became part of Dufferin County. "An Act to separate the Town of Orangeville and certain Townships in the Counties of Wellington, Grey and Simcoe, from the said Counties, and to erect the same into the County of Dufferin" was assented to on Dec 21, 1874. Google Books - Statutes of the Province of Ontario, page 100, Cap. 31 (XXXI)

A Provisional County administration was established in 1879, and once county buildings were completed in 1881 separation was finalized. History of Dufferin County, Stephen Sawden, 1952, page 13

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article East_Garafraxa.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.


The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1911. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited. The 1921 census is only available through, but it is free-to-view.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

Hard-to-Find Places

E-books, Books and Newspapers

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.
  • The Ancestor Hunt is a blog listing old Ontario newspapers that are available online, both free and pay websites. This is a very extensive list.

Dufferin Ontario GenWeb provides a valuable variety of references, including transcribed indexes to most BMDs.

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at East Garafraxa, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.