Place:Colchester, Fairfax (county), Virginia, United States


TypeInhabited place
Coordinates38.667°N 77.233°W
Located inFairfax (county), Virginia, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Colchester is an unincorporated community on the Occoquan River in Fairfax County, Virginia. Colchester is a former tobacco port established in 1753. The port town was located on the old post road and Thomas Mason (son of George Mason) operated a ferry across the Occoquan River here. In 1798, Mason built a bridge across the river; the bridge was washed away around 1807. Only one of its original buildings exists—the Fairfax Arms (10712 Old Colchester Road), which had been an ordinary and now is a privately owned dwelling. The decline of the tobacco trade, silting of the river, and diversion of most shipping to the towns of Alexandria and Occoquan caused Colchester's decline. The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, Interstate 95, and the Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1) are located directly to the west of the Colchester area.

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