Notes on William Jackson > NJ to Wilkes Co NC & Carter Co TN; also James Jackson of Wilkes & Ashe NC
Since William is so often nearby his sister and brother-in-law, Elizabeth Jackson and James Tompkins, I have combined what activity I could find on both men. James Tompkins left a much better paper trail than William. Also, recently James Jackson was found to be related to William Jackson (by DNA) so I will be adding what I learn about James Jackson to these notes also. So far, the relationship between William and James has not been documented, but it is my conjecture that they are cousins.
James Jackson & Rebecca Hallett, Quakers
Joseph Jackson b 1709/1710 NY William Jackson b 1736 NJ > Wilkes Co NC by 1786 and Washington Dist (now Carter Co TN) by 1794 Elizabeth Jackson b ? m James Tompkins > to Jersey Settlement NC > Wilkes Co., NC John Jackson b 1700/1701 NY, m Sarah Doty > Anson Co NC John b 1733 m Phoebe Thompson > Anson Co NC I show 7 ch; only one has a bdate; 1755 in NC - prob not 1st ch. James b 1746 to ?? no info on wife or where abouts (most likely candidate to be James of Wilkes Co.) Robert b 1713 m Joanna ?, Quaker, went to Canada during Rev War period James b 1749 - no info on wife or where abouts. Stephen b 1717 m Mary Lewis (where?) > to NC Their first ch I have record of b abt 1755. Benjamin b 1719 m Mary Lively Rushing (where?) > to NC Their first child b in NC abt 1740. (Benjamin and his brother Stephen settled in eastern North Carolina and eventually moved to Anson County; first land grant was dated 1749.)
Either James in this chart can be candidates for being the James who married Abigail Fairchild in Wilkes Co. NC in 1779.
Rockaway Library document by Stephen Jackson: "The Jacksons were the founders of Rockaway (NJ). Joseph Jackson (William’s father) came to Rockaway in 1731 and lived in a log cabin on the north bank of the river. He was one of the pioneers of the iron industry here.
O. B. Robbins book, pg 14: "The family record of Joseph Jackson was lost during the Revolutionary Way, and the following record is made at the recollection of Anna, the seventh child, on Dec 4, 1813 who was then 67 years old. By William Jackson who writes this record and is 81 years old." We are indebted to Mr. Robbins for obtaining these recollections, but unfortunately, some of them have been proved to be less than accurate. So we start with what Mr. Robbins has recorded but look for evidence that it is correct and change the data base when something proves to be otherwise. In 1813, Anna would have been trying to remember happenings and birth dates more than 70 years back. IF her recollection of William's birth dates are correct, she would have been ten years younger than he.
I have come to believe Annie (maiden name unknown) was Joseph's first wife as she is buried next to him in the cemetery at Rockaway, New Jersey (info found at http://www.rootsweb.com/~njmorris/cemeteries/rockaway3.htm). This record says she is "Mrs. Annie Jackson, wife of Gen. Joseph" and that she died in 1760. So the wife Mary who is mentioned in the next paragraph, had to have married Joseph sometime after Annie's death in 1760 and before he died in 1769. This info contradicts info published in Mr. Robbins' book and therefore also on many published charts.
Oscar Burton Robbins' book, pg 14: "Joseph Jackson died in 1769, intestate. Oct. 5, 1769, the widow Mary, and the son William, made a renunciation of their right to administer on his estate, and Oct. 6, 1769, administration was given to Stephen Jackson. Nathaniel Mitchell was fellow Bondsman."
1736 William Jackson b 1736 at Rockaway, Morris Co., NJ. His sister, Elizabeth was born in 1738 and apparently they were close because when Elizabeth married and went south with her husband James Tompkins, William (and perhaps his family) went with them. This according to the 1887 Jackson Ledger. William and Elizabeth’s Uncles, Stephen, Benjamin and John, also went to the Carolinas but, I don’t know if they went about the same time or not. By the time Joseph’s children became of age or shortly thereafter, it was Revolutionary Times and the area was in a state of agitation. The family records were burned and what we have now are the remembrances of Anna, Joseph’s daughter, William and Elizabeth’s younger sister. This is probably the reason that we know William had 26 children but that none of their names are recorded. This is first found in Oscar Burton Robbins’ book.
1741 below copied from http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/mckstmerjersey.htm
“By May 1741, Bladen County issued deeds on the Great Peedee (Yadkin). It was no accident that the Hopewell group chose its north bank to found their "Jersey Settlement," an area described as: "Ten square miles of the best wheat land in the south, located in (modern) Davidson County, near Linwood. It was composed of many people from New Jersey who had sent an agent there to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement." [John Preston Arthur, A History of Watauga County, N. C., (1915) p.88]. A LOT of good history of the Jersey Settlement here.
James Jackson and many of his associates are mentioned in the book "A History of Watauga County, North Carolina" by John Preston Arthur, first published in 1915, republished in 2002 and available at ancestry.com: http://content.ancestry.com/browse/bookview.aspx?dbid=30007&iid=dvm_LocHist013627-00139-1
"Although Watauga County, North Carolina, was not established until 1849 from the existing counties of Ashe, Wilkes, Caldwell, and Yancey in northwestern North Carolina, "all of Watauga County on the waters of Watauga River was once a part...of the famous and immortal Old Watauga Settlement of Sevier . . . ." In his History of Watauga County, North Carolina, John Preston Arthur provides an invaluable study of the origins and early settlers of this area rich in genealogical history.
Chapter XIII, pg 207: "Jonathan Buck . . . Richard Green . . . All these people had been members of the Jersey Settlement, as had also been James Tompkins and James Jackson, and afterwards became members of Three Forks Church. The grant of 640 acres of land at this place to William Miller bears date May 1787, and it was doubtless entered some time before. Tompkins' name still adheres to one of the knobs near Deep Gap, and the Jackson Meeting House on Meat Camp Creek will keep his memory alive for years yet to come, for it was the first school house built in this section." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=207
1744 James Tomkins & first wife, Frances Coleman have daughter Mary Gardiner Tompkins b 27 May 1744 per Melvin Morris rootsweb chart. Frances must have died because James married a second time to Elizabeth, the sister of our above William Jackson. According to Melvin, Elizabeth was born abt 1738, no location given. So I would assume James, Elizabeth and William were ‘late comers’ to the settlement below and not part of the original group that came because they had been put out of their homes in the Hopewell area.
1747-1755 “As to the Jersey Settlement, about 1750 a New Jersey colony of perhaps 400 families settled in present Davidson County, NC, near the Yadkin opposite Salisbury. An agent had been sent to find the best land still open. The NJ settlers arrived from 1747-1755.” (This from Linda Herring & Kenneth Schmehl site. Her email: firstname.lastname@example.org.) She quotes from A History of Watauga County, NC which says that James Tompkins had belonged to the Jersey Settlement Church in Davidson County, NC. (Jane: I don’t believe this was a Quaker settlement because later in 1781, James Tompkins is except from paying tax on his infirm Negro slave.) (Later info says that James is a Baptist preacher.) If William came to NC even as late as 1755, he was only about 19 years old and was therefore probably unmarried. I don't have any documentation of the date of Elizabeth's marriage to James Tompkins but assumption is that it was about 1758. I'm also assuming they came south right after their marriage.
1748 They were almost surely guided by the famous "Waggoneer" and explorer, Morgan Bryan who guided other groups to this general area, and in 1748 brought his own family from the Opequon to form Morgan's Settlement on the south bank of Deep Creek, four miles above the "Shallow Ford" of the Yadkin. [Robert W. Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier, 1747-1762; (U.N.C. Press, 1964; 4th printing 1987), p. 31].
1748 At age 71, on September 29, 1748, Smith was at Newburn with men from other western communities, petitioning the North Carolina Assembly to form Anson County, because they had to travel over a hundred miles to Bladen court house. The next day, September 30, 1748, he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Bladen, [William L. Saunders, editor, N. C. Colonial Records, Vol IV: 189, 889] --and under Colonial N.C. law, only landowners could be Justices of the Peace. So did the 'ten square miles' of the Jersey Settlement stay in the balance of Bladen County or was it part of the new Anson Co.? It sounds logical to me that it was in the new Anson County.
1749 Anson County, NC formed.
It is thought that Stephen Jackson and his brother Benjamin settled in eastern North Carolina and eventually moved to Anson County. Stephen and Benjamin are younger brothers of William’s father, Joseph, making them William’s Uncles. William's Uncle John 1701 and his son John 1733 also are known to have come to NC and probably came at the same time. Uncle John 1701 had another son, James 1743 who is a very likely candidate to be the James that is found with William in Wilkes County.
1749 North Carolina Land Grants, No. 335, 30 Sep 1749. Gabriel Johnston, governor of North Carolina, to Benjamin Jackson, 200 acres in Anson County, on the south [west] side of Pee Dee and on both sides of Thompsons Creek... Benjamin is Uncle to Wm. Jackson.
1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. Did the new Rowan County include the area of the Jersey Settlement? I believe so.
1757 The first Baptist Church organized in (Washington) county was the Cherokee Creek Church, constituted in 1753 by Tidence Lane. Among its first members were James Keels, John Broyles, John Layman, William Murphy, Owen Owens, William Calvert, Reuben, John and Thomas Bayless, Thomas and Francis Baxter. Four years later Buffalo Ridge Church was constituted. Some of the prominent members were Anthony Epperson, Isaac Denton, Joseph Crouch, Peter Jackson, William Nash, David Parry and Nicholas Hale. (First instance of the name Peter Jackson. This in Washington Co. I have no idea who he might be. Later: have deed Peter Jackson, Barren Co. KY to Jemima Jackson, Washington Co. provided by Kyle Atkins.)
1758 James Tompkins m Wm’s sister, Elizabeth Jackson. Need to look for record of this marriage. If the above dates from Melvin Morris are right, James was about 23 years older than Elizabeth who would have been only abt 20.. FIND TOMMEY WARE’S CHART TO COMPARE!
Julie Hogston has different dates. She has Eliz b abt 1738 married to James abt 1767 (age 29); and that James Tompkins was born abt 1724, so only a 14 year dif in their ages. Melvin and Julie agree on the location of the marriage; Rocky Hill, L.I., NY – which I find strange as Elizabeth was born in Rockaway, Morris County, NJ, and James was born in NJ also.
Both Melvin Morris and Julie Hogston have that the first known child of James & Eliz to be born in Wilkes County was Nancy, b 1769. Earlier children were born (according to Melvin) but their location of birth is not known.
Jeanette Reiter’s dates: James b 1715 NJ; m Elizabeth b abt 1738 in Rockaway, Morris Co, NJ. (Later: Julie tells me she has not done this research herself, but got it from someone else. Melvin?)
1759 North Carolina Land Grants, No. 1388, 6 Mar 1759, South West Pee Dee, to Stephen Jackson (Uncle of William Jackson).
1751 Fairchild, Sarah Morris Co NJ
1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. The Jersey Settlement people who lived in Bladen/Anson Co now live in Rowan Co.
1753 Fairchild, Stephen Morris Co NJ
1755 Fairchild, Mehitable Morris Co NJ
1757 Fairchild, Salome Morris Co NJ
1759 Fairchild, Abigail Morris Co NJ married James Jackson s/o/??? in Wilkes Co 1786
1761 Fairchild, Ann Morris Co NJ
1762 Fairchild, Abiud Westmoreland Co, VA *** married A Rebecca Jackson d/o a William Jackson
1763 Fairchild, Abijah Wilkes Co NC
1767 Fairchild, Cyrus Susex Co, NJ
This gives a good estimate of when Ebenezer finally brought his family to the Jersey Settlement. The above dates gathered from various rootsweb charts; I can't guarantee their accuracy.
1764 A boundary dispute caused a redrawing of the line between North and South Carolina. Before the boundary was redrawn Anson Co. included all parts of SC counties of Marlboro, Chesterfield, Lancaster, York, Chester, Cherokee, Union Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville and Newberry. A re-survey of South Carolina line Sept. 24, 1764. Benjamin Jackson's property wound up in the Cheraw District which later became Chesterfield Co., South Carolina. Benjamin was an Uncle of William Jackson.
1769 From O. B. Robbins book "In 1769, Joseph's widow Mary and his son, William, made a renunciation of their right to administer on his estate..." so I made the assumption that William was the oldest living son. He must have had to make the trip back to NJ to do this – or could it have been done by written message? But no definite proof yet that William was in the south by 1769. (Later: Stella Cottrill writes that William spent some time in PA, maybe with his brother Edward in Fayette Co. Haven’t gone down this rabbit trail yet. I haven't found record of Edward's staying any time in Fayette; may have just passed through on his way to Harrison Co. (W) VA.) But Wm was in the south in 1772 with James Tompkins; see below.
1771 Birth year of Barsheba calculated by Darrell Jackson (doubtful, we have no record of her age at any time. Wording in Wm's will indicates she may have been previously married.)
1772 The following copied from <http://www.surnameguide.com/hook/vannoy_genealogy.htm> Author not given.
1772 EATON'S (FORK OF THE YADKIN)
At this point in research, this 1772 date is the earliest date proving James Tompkins was in NC by this time. Also note that on the 1790 Wilkes Co census, Ebenezer Fairchild was next hh to our William Jackson. Ebenezer Fairchild's dau married James Jackson, newly proved (June 2008) to be a Hempstead Jackson. He is also on that 1790 census just a few hhs away from William and Ebenezer.
1774 "the Indians had hardly left (Rockaway), the county had been formed only 35 yrs, and the village of Rockaway contained only five dwelling houses and a church”.
1776 William’s younger brother, Stephen active in Morris County, NJ in soliciting signers pledged to the support of the Continental & provincial Congress.
1776 Dec 31. Kentucky County of Virginia formed. Virginia had been claiming all the land to the Mississippi River.
1776 - 1781 Revolutionary War
1776 Aug 13 Edward, William’s younger brother enlisted for 3 yrs.
1777 William was part of a jury appointed to lay out a road in Wilkes Co, NC per jpg file sent by Charles Jackson. ‘William-1760 Wilks2.jpg’. Later thought: was this the Wm of Abigail Gillium? If so, this is not my William! How to tell which William it was? 10 Dec 1778 Court Session: William Jackson was part of a jury ordered to attend next term of court as jurors. (Wilkes Co.) Also, James Tompkins was ordered Overseer, new marked road from Reddies River road to top of Blue Ridge Mountain.
1778 Brother Stephen Jackson, an ironmaster, buys the Rockaway Forge.. in NJ
1778 - Land Office opened in Wilkes County, North Carolina. For early history of New River, look in histories of these NC counties: Allegheny, Ashe, Dobson, Rowan, Surrey, Watauga, and Wilkes.
1778 Wilkes was formed in 1777 from Surry and the District of Washington. The act was to become effective February 15, 1778. When the county was formed all landowners were required to put their ownership on record even tho they may have been living on it for some time. So these records would be important to search either at the court house, or if necessary, buy the records from Wilkes Co Gen Soc. This must be what is meant by James ‘entered’ 2 parcels in note below.
***1778 May and Sept. James Tompkins ‘entered’ 2 parcels land in Wilkes Co, NC.
1779 SULLIVAN CO, TN (then still NC) was established in 1779, primarily from Washington Co, TN (then NC), although part of Sullivan, including the “North of Holston” and Carter Valley Settlements, was considered part of Virginia, and Tennesseans taxed by Old Fincastle, Montgomery and Washington Cos VA rather than by NC. (See Shelby's Fort and SQUABBLE STATE) In 1784, the ill-fated State of Franklin was created (records now mostly lost and/or duplicated in TN county records), and in 1787, Hawkins County was created from the majority of Sullivan's territory (and then some). In 1790, NC ceded it's “western lands” and TN became part of the “Territory South of the Ohio River”, which it remained until 1796 and statehood. Sullivan County Tennessee remained generally the same (land) from 1787 to the present time. Sullivan is due west of Johnson Co., TN
1780 Brother Stephen (in New Jersey) was Captain of a Cavalry Co. and was attached to Gen. Washington's body guard.
1780 The Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7, 1780 Family tradition has it that William was “one of Cleveland’s captains”. If that is so, he would have been about 44 years old at the time. There are questions about this Capt. William Jackson. Some rootsweb charts say the Capt. was from PA but enlisted from SC and went back there after the war. I'd like to find any record of that. Most all of the Overmountain Men were not regulars; were not on any records and so did not file for pension applications. (See more 1780 below) (Later: Oct 2008 - I have found the pension application of Elizabeth Willing Jackson, the widow of the Capt. William Jackson who enlisted in SC and returned to PA after the war. They were married in PA and not until after the Rev. war. This application does not mention if her husband had been previously married. I have been unable to find ANY reliable record to say that the SC to PA Jackson was even in Wilkes County. So he is ruled out as being the same William who was brother to Elizabeth.)
1780 Excerpt from the Pension Application of Abiud Fairchild S15420 Dtd 18 Feb 1834 (http://southerncampaign.org/pen/) "...He next went into the service as a volunteer in a company of which William Jackson was Captain. The names of the other company officers he does not now recollect. Colonel Benjamin Cleveland was his commanding Colonel. ...From Colonel Walker's old place he, this applicant, marched on under command of Captain William Jackson and crossed Broad River and went down by Buck Creek and passed a place called the Cowpens. We then passed down Buck Creek some distance and left Buck Creek and crossed Broad River again at Cherokee Ford. We then marched on to King's Mountain where we arrived the next day after the battle (8 Oct 1780) a little after dark at the encampment of the American forces about 2 miles from the battle ground..." (Excerpt added by Bob Mitchell 12 Aug 08, this record shows that William Jackson was a CPT under COL Benjamin Cleveland and shows that neither Abiud Fairchild nor William Jackson actually fought in the Battle of King's Mountain.)
They did answer the call to arms and made the horrendous march to King's Mountain but were foot soldiers who could not keep up with the mounted soldiers and so arrived the day after the battle. We do know that our William Jackson was in the area from before 1772 through his death in 1810. We know he was of the calibre of men qualified to be a Captain - his brother Stephen was a Captain serving under General Washington.
Notes added by Bob Mitchell 31 Sep 08: (Bob's notes on both William and James are expanded and posted in the Conflicting Data section of the Jackson web site.) I finally made a break through on un-raveling the military service of William Jackson, son of Joseph Jackson of Hempstead, NY late of New Jersey.
There is no application for pension for a William Jackson from the Continental Army or from any of the State Militias that I can find. There are service records for a few William Jacksons of the Continental Army. The most revealing is posted below:
You can readily see if you follow the service of this William Jackson, it is almost identical to the service record claimed by one of the researchers for his/her William Jackson who was in Wilkes Co., during the Revolution. Obviously this is the record that was used to describe the William Jackson who was a Captain in the war and returned to Pennsylvania. They left out the part about his being promoted to Major and becoming an Aid to General Lincoln.
I think none of us had ever really bought into the service record as being our William Jackson, but it was presented as such had to be either proven and disproven. I think this should lay to rest the "return to Pennsylvania after the war" and the "marriage during the period he was on parole" as well as the fact that our William was actively engaged during the parole period.
Based upon the above, I would say that our William was a member of the North Carolina Militia, "Over the Mountain Boys" and was active in leading patrols in and around the Wilkes Co., NC area. He would have also marched his men under the direction of his Regimental Commander into other areas of North Carolina to skirmish the Tories as evidenced by the Pension Applications of both the Abiud and Abijah Fairchild. He would have probably been the head of the local militia that protected the home front during the early stages of the war and was pressed into a more active and fuller role in the service of his country as time passed and the war became more intense and closer to home. CPT William Jackson played a role in the Battle of King's Mountain and was one of the CPT's for sure, but according to statements made by Abiud Fairchild in his application for pension, the patrol led by CPT Jackson, of which Abiud Fairchld participated, did not arrive at the King's Mountain site until the day after the battle. While not directly involved in the battle itself, CPT William Jackson and his company's role in that battle was important none the less.
William and his wife both died before the authorization of the pension for service was introduced. Therefore there was no one except possibly one of his children who would make such an application. My guess is that due to the homes being remotely in the mountains of East Tennessee, they may have not even known that such a benefit was available.
To sum up, when describing the service of our William in the Revolution I would not include the "joined in SC as LT and later promoted to CPT, wounded and captured at Charleston, on parole to May 1783 and returned to Pennsylvania after the War."
CPT William Jackson was a member of the North Carolina Militia during the Revolutionary War and was active in protecting the home front in the mountainous region of Western North Carolina. He was considered to be one of the King's Mountain Captains and was one of the "Over the Mountain Boys," he contributed to Battle of King's Moutain but did not actually fight on the battlefield the day of the battle. ---end of Bob Mitchell's notes on William----
1786 A William Jackson signs marriage bond for Abigail Jackson to Jonathan Hughes. Jonathan was born in Harrison County (W)VA; he enlisted and served in various locations during the Rev. War and after the war, he became an itinerant schoolmaster. He went to Wilkes County North Carolina in 1783 and married there in 1786 to Abigail Jackson (believed to be daughter of William). By 1808 he and Abigail went to his home area of Harrison County where several of their children were born, raised and married there. Jonathan and Abigail spent time in Ohio and Indiana and in 1835 went back to Harrison Co. "because I have children who settled there" per his pension application. (Charts saying Abigail was Edward Jackson's daughter I believe are in error [see Conflicting Data at http://www.jacksonfamilygenealogy.com]). William was probably Abigail's father though bondsmen didn't have to be the father. Signature on the marriage bond was compared to the two signatures on William's 1806 will and his 1810 codicil and appear to be written by the same person. Two of Abigail's children said on the 1880 census record that their mother was born in Georgia! This gives us a new area to search for William and his marriages.
1786 There are four Wilkes County land grants, for a total of 540 acres, that were issued to William Jackson in 1786, but which were not recorded until 1788. The grants were for land in the area of Lewis Fork of the Yadkin River. Per jpg file from Charles Jackson:
‘William-1760Wilks3.jpg’ See 1788 below. I see total of 560 acres. (Anything from Charles Jackson may pertain to the Wm who married Abigail Gillum – Charles' DNA proves not to be Hempstead. No one knows father-in-law of Abigail Gillum.) So by 1790 census there were 2 Williams in Wilkes Co.; one in 3rd district and one in 11th district. I believe my William was in the 3rd district based just on the other associates/neighbors in the 3rd district. Later: a researcher for William Jackson and Abigail Gillum has said he believes his Wm in the one in the 11th district. So there is no disagreement there; both Williams are accounted for and it is obvious that neither of these William Jacksons 'returned to PA'. An exhaustive search has turned up no information about such a William Jackson. If anyone has good source for such information, I'd be glad to hear of it. But until then, it is my conjecture that the William who marched to Kings Mountain and who had a daughter Rebecca who married Abiud J. Fairchild, s/o Ebenezer Fairchild is the same William Jackson who is recorded in the 1790 census and who later died in Carter County, Tennessee.
10 July 1788 Wilkes Co land grants entered:
1779 James married Abigail Faircloth 3 Feb 1779 in Wilkes Co., NC So James was abt 29 years old when he married if his estimated birth date is correct. Some have thought this might have been a second marriage for James.
1780 William is 44 years old when “in late September, 1780, the Overmountain Men mustered here (Sycamore Schoals) for their march to Kings Mountain, SC, to give battle to Colonel Ferguson, who had threatened to march over the mountains and lay waste to their land with "fire and sword". William said to have participated in that battle which took place October 1780. (William Proffitt, husband of James Tompkins’ dau Nancy Tompkins, does have record of participating in that battle, but the only mention about William in that battle is from Abiud Fairchild's pension application.)
1782 in Wilkes county, NC James Tompkins was paid for provisions furnished the militia during the Revolution.
1782 A William is listed on Capt Keese's tax list; also on that same list is Ebenezer Fairchild, Abijah Fairchild, James and Jonathan Tompkins, Samuel Castle, Joseph Sewell and John Cleveland. (see 1798 when James and Joseph Sewell are in Johnson County.)
1786 William is 50 years old when he signs Abigale’s marriage bond in Wilkes Co, NC (m to Jonathan Hughes). The only ‘proof’ we have that this is our William is circumstantial: his signature on the bond matches his signature on his Will and he’s in the same area as his close relatives. (William is said to have had up to 26 children by two wives. Any record of a marriage bond signed by William Jackson would be wonderful!)
1787 State Census
The Names of Heads of families in Brown District of Wilkes Co., NC.
Which one is our James Jackson? What does this imply? Our James is married to Abigail so James Sr must be the correct one.
NC STATE Census 1784-1787 Wilkes County
Capt. Gordon's District pg 181 0f transcription; pg 7 of census
1788 Jas. Tompkins granted 125 acres on South Fork of Lewis Fork adjoining his own land. Wilkes Co DBA-1, pg 405 – I can’t tell if this ref is to this deed or another one mentioning 202 acres on Lewis Fork, John Yates line near Tompkins’ house.
In 1790 Ashe County had not yet been organized and the area that became Ashe County was still Wilkes Co. So both James Sr. and James Jr. are counted in 1790 in Wilkes and in 1800 in Ashe; but it was the county lines that moved - not the families. (James Tompkins is also in Ashe Co in 1800.)
1790 Wm. Jackson - 3rd Co - Wilkes - 1 3 5 0 0 (married Barsheba when?) Wm over 16, 3 sons under 16, wife & 4 daughters 1790 James Jackson - 3rd Co - Wilkes - 1 4 2 0 0 (married Abigail Fairchild 1799) Jas over 16, 4 sons under 16, wife & 1 daughter 1790 James Jackson - 1st Co - Wilkes - 1 3 2 0 0 ** Jas over 16, 3 sons under 16, wife & 1 daughter 1790 Jonathan Hughes ???? (married Abigail Jackson 1786) 1790 Wm. Jackson - 11th Co - Wilkes - 1 3 3 0 0 * (married Abigail Gillum) 1790 James Tompkins in 1790 census, 8th company, Morgan District, Wilkes Co, TN. The map given is difficult to read but looks like 3rd Company is north of the Yadkin River.
*This Wm was b abt 1760 (unknown parents) served as Private in NC Militia during Rev War, married Abigail Gillum abt 1782 in NC. Removed to Wayne Co, IN before 1820 per Robert Franklin Jackson. ** The assumed nonrelated James Jackson is listed in 1st Company and there are Ferugsons near this person, from other research this would imply that this James Jackson is probably related to the Ralph Jackson lineage of Henrico County, VA. - per Jack McAnally.
1790: The Three Forks Baptist Church in Wilkes Co, NC was organized on 6 Nov 1790. Membership from 1790-1800 included the following: Ebenezer Fairchild, Mary Fairchild, Rebakah Fairchild, Susannah Fairchild, James Jackson, James Jackson, Jr., James Tompkins, Elizabeth Tompkins, Ruth (Garsham’s wife) Tompkins, William Tompkins, Garsham Tompkins, Joseph Tompkins, Benjamin Tompkins and others. 1795, James Jackson is excommunicated from the church but is restored shortly there after. (History of Watauga County, John Preston Arthur, 1915, pg 71, <http://www.maprealtyboone.com/real_estate/real_estate_watauga_2.html>
November 6, 1790, according to the records now in the keeping of the clerk, Mr. John C. Brown, of New River. These records show that "the Baptist Church of Jesus Christ in Wilkes County, New River, Three Forks Settlement," was organized by James Tomkins, Richard Greene and Wife, Daniel Eggers and wife, William Miller, Elinor Greene and B. B. Eggers
1792 James Tompkins was licensed “to preach the Gospel wherever the Lord may direct him.” Need to go back to see what church he belonged to. NCGS has church cem records. But more important is to find deeds or taxes paid on property that William might have bought.
Tommye Ware (Tompkins researcher Jankimrick@aol.com) writes “The Three Forks Baptist Church in Wilkes Co, NC was organized on 6 Nov 1790. Membership from 1790-1800 included the following: James Tompkins, Elizabeth Tompkins, Ruth (Garsham’s wife) Tompkins, William Tompkins, Garsham Tompkins, Joseph Tompkins, Benjamin Tompkins, Mary Owens, Barnet Owens and Susannah Owens.” So the membership lists a William Tompkins but not a William Jackson. No, not necessarily true, these Tompkins researchers may have printed only Tompkins related folks. Found source of this and NO, William was not a member. But see next note. (Also, the membership of this church is compared to the 1790 census on a Word doc.)
1794 From Goodspeed's History of Johnson County: <http://www.rootsweb.com/~tnjohnso/jcchurch.html>
“The first church organized in the county was known as Roane Creek Baptist Church, constituted on April 20, 1794. Benjamin Brown was chosen moderator, William Jackson clerk and George Brown elder. At the next meeting in May George Brown, Stephen Wheeler, Benjamin Brown, Joseph Gentry, John Grimes, John Asher and William Jackson were also appointed to sit, as the church, at Mr. Loyd's, to receive members, on the second Saturday in June. Among the first members mentioned were Benjamin Cuthbert, Reuben and John Asher, Jacob Perkins, John and William Brown, Stephen Gentry, Joseph Tompkins, William Clark, William Pembleton, James Parsons, John Mullins, John Smith, Benjamin Sewell, Hezekiah Boone, Samuel Cole, Thomas Thornton and Joseph and John Jackson*. To them should be added about thirty-five names of female members belonging to the families of the above men, making an aggregate membership of about sixty-five.
“This church then included all the Baptists in Johnson County, and some from the contiguous territory. In 1797 it was decided to build three houses of worship-one on Lower Roane Creek, another on Upper Roane Creek, and the third on Little Doe. Whether these buildings were erected could not be ascertained, but it is probable that they were not built, but services were held at private residences in the three settlements in turn. The first pastor was James Tompkins, installed in 1797.”
This Joseph and John Jackson were not enumerated as adults in the 1790 Wilkes Co, TN census at all. Relationship to James or William is not established. There was another William and two James in that 1790 Wilkes Co census; the other William (Gillum) did not have sons named Joseph or John. It could easily be assumed that Joseph & John were both sons of William Jackson, the clerk of the church.
This paragraph and the following one is from Kyle Atkins: "Now Johnson was not a county at the time. According to my Handi book Johnson was created from Carter in 1836. But when you look at the 1790 map Janie sent, it looks like some of Johnson County was originally Sullivan County. Carter was not a county then either, as it was created from Washington in 1796. William may have been on Doe Creek attending Roane Creek Baptist, then circa mid 1794 bought and moved to Sinking Creek. The below material fits reasonably well with the above."
"Here then is a fragment worth putting on the William Jackson timeline.
William Jackson was living in Sullivan Co. and the "south western territory" (TN was not a state until 1796) in Feb 1794 when he bought the land on Sinking Creek in Washington Co. Sinking Creek originates in Carter County. Washington spawned Carter Co. in 1796, so William appears to have moved from old Sullivan County to future Carter County circa 1794, and likely never actually lived in Washington County. (Deed extracts attached)" So Kyle sent me a CD with deeds that could/should be transcribed. ALSO Barbara Crumpton has transcribed Carter County deeds and sent me abstracts of all deeds with Jackson name on them.
SULLIVAN CO, TN (then still NC) was established in 1779, primarily from Washington Co, TN (then NC), although part of Sullivan, including the “North of Holston” and Carter Valley Settlements, was considered part of Virginia, and Tennesseans taxed by Old Fincastle, Montgomery and Washington Cos VA rather than by NC. (See Shelby's Fort and SQUABBLE STATE) In 1790, NC ceded it's “western lands” and TN became part of the “Territory South of the Ohio River”, which it remained until 1796 and statehood.
Jan Johnson has fragments of a Bible record and journal saying Stephen Jackson was from Virginia. The above two paragraphs show how these folks may have considered themselves from Virginia, especially since Jan says they were in the Doe settlements of Carter County. Still hoping (as of Sep 25, 2008) to get more info from Jan. Based on what she has sent, I've moved Rebecca Jackson (who married Jacob Lowe) to be dau of Stephen, s/o William.
The Sullivan County deeds that Kyle sent Janie should be transcribed based on Kyle saying William was in the area that was or became Sullivan Co. Sullivan County was formed in 1779 from Washington Co., Greene County was formed in 1783 from Washington County, NC (now Tennessee). Part of Washington (TN) was annexed to Wilkes County, NC in 1792. The following deed abstracts are copied from the book “Washington County Tennessee Deeds 1775-1800” abstracted by Loraine Rae, pub. By Southern Historical Press, Inc., 275 West Broad St., Greenville, SC 29601, 1991 pgs 116, 117.
p 156-7 2/22/1794 Anthony Dunkin/Duncan, Gren Co. TO: GEORGE JACKSON; on the dividing ridge between Limestone & Sinking Creek. ADJ: Kerby King. SIG: Anthony Duncan. WIT: William Lodson, Joseph Duncan, Wm. Jackson. CT: Feb 1794. reg: 2/5/1813
p 173-4 2/22/1794 Anthony Dunkin/Duncan, Green Co. TO: WILLIAM JACKSON, Sullivan Co.; 152 acres on the head of Sinking Creek waters of the Holstein. CONS: 120 lbs. ADJ: Richard Caswel, John Ford, George Bell, John Bell. SIG: Anthony Duncan. WIT: Joseph Duncan, William Dodson, George Jackson. CT: Feb 1794. (Janie: I have not searched Sullivan Co!)
Sullivan Co, TN, 1796 Tax List, Clerk's Copy – Contained no Jacksons.
1794 There is a Washington County deed dated 12 July 1794 recorded in the Carter County court house in 1796 for 200 acres given to William Jackson, Washington County, North Carolina (now Carter County TN). Book A, pgs 15, 16. (I have a copy, transcribed, on my site http://www.jacksonfamilygenealogy.com)
Copied from "Abstracts of Deeds, Carter County Tennessee" pg 1:
“Book A, pg 16 12 Jul 1794. NC State Grant #_____ to William Jackson a 50 sh the 100 A, 100 A, Washington Co. fks of Doe R, beg "at an iron wood tree". Reg 19 Dec 1794.” (which may be a mis-reading and should be same date as below: 19 Dec 1796. These grants, though dated in 1794, weren't recorded until 1796.) This abstract is for the same deed mentioned directly above.
“Book A, pg 17 12 Jul 1794. NC State Grant #1123 to William Jackson a 50 sh the 100 A, 200 A, Washington Co. crosses Little Doe R. Reg 19 Dec 1796.”
"Book A, pgs 486, 487 25 Jul 1801. William Jackson to Leonard Shown for $333, 100 A, on Little Doe waters of Watauga R, by NC Grant #1123 to William Jackson. Joseph Tompkins & William Jenkins. Prvd May Court 1804." This deed is mentioned on the Jackson site and is instrumental in proving this William is the same William that is related to Joseph Tompkins (brother-in-law) and William Jenkins (Tompkins' son-in-law.)
1799 Ashe County cut from Wilkes Co. James Jackson and James Tompkins do show up on the 1800 census as living in Ashe Co. though they probably haven't moved.
Ashe County, North Carolina Land Grants 1799-1936 Added by JMcAnally5258 on 21 Jul 2008 See table at http://www.newrivernotes.com/nc/ashegrnt.htm NC Dept of Archives Reference File Number 188.8.131.522 492 James Jackson 1799 1804 184.108.40.2063 493 James Jackson Jr. 1799 1804 220.127.116.114 494 James Jackson 1799 1804 18.104.22.1685 495 James Jackson 1799 1804 22.214.171.1246 496 James Jackson 1799 1804 126.96.36.1997 497 James Jackson 1799 1804 188.8.131.528 498 James Jackson 1799 1804
Chapter XIV, Pg 231: "Meat Camp.---This was one of the first places to be settled in Ashe County, William Miller, the Blackburns and James Jackson going there from the Jersey Settlement as early as 1799, while Ebenezer Fairchild, of the same colony, settled on Howard's Creek, only a short distance away. Jackson's grave is still pointed out in the woods near the site of the old Jackson Meeting House, while the cabin of an old hunter named Abbey stood in what is now the garden of John C. Moretz." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=231
Pg 322a: "There is also a tradition that the Greens were members of the Jersey Settlement, and that James Jackson, William Miller, the three Bucks, Tompkins and Horton himself were members of the Jersey Settlement. They were all members of the Three Forks Church between 1790 and 1800 . . ." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=322a
Chapter IX, pg 106, 107: "Methodism began in this county about 1809 when an itinerant minister, whose name is forgotten . . . This unnamed pioneer in Methodism is said to have stopped first at the home of Gwyn Houck on Old Fields Creek, next at Risden Cooper's on Cranberry, then at James Jackson's on the ridge between Grassy Creek and Meat Camp . . . James Jackson was so much interested in the necessity for some edifice in which all the people might come and worship, go to school or discuss public affairs, that he conveyed to Edmund Blackburn, a brother of Levi, David Miller and Ephraim and William Norris, as trustees, a tract of land for a school house, meeting house or church, as was desired by those using it, to be open at all times to all alike. It was at this house that the first Methodist preacher first preached, but his name has been forgotten. Levi Blackburn lived near Jackson Meeting House at that time . . ."
1801 William Jackson by deed dated 25 July 1801 sold 100 of the original 200 acres purchased in 1794 to Leonard Shoun, and that deed was witnessed by Joseph Tompkins (James’ son) and William Jenkins (James Tompkins’ dau m a Jenkins). Carter Co Book A, pg 486 & 487, registered date 1804. (I have copy of this deed.)
1803 On 13 Sep 1803 James Tompkins of Carter County, TN, sold 25 acres in Ashe County, NC to John Morris, of Ashe County. Wit: Gersham and Ruth Tompkins. Ashe Co. DB 1 pg 563-564. (Gersham is James' son.)
1806 William is 70 years old when he writes his Will in Carter Co, TN, dated 6 Sep 1806; witnessed by Alexander Doran, JP. In his will are mentioned 4 sons in this order: John, Stephen, Joseph and David. Nothing is said to indicate that they are minors; so I’m assuming they are of age by this time. There is a Joseph and John mentioned above in the 1794 listing of early members of Roane Creek Baptist Church.
1806 and 1807 Court of Pleas and Quarter Session
James Jackson administrator of Ebenezer Fairchild deceased makes a return amounting to the sum of L432/10/11 makes the sum of the property sold by the administrator
1807 Ordered by the court that Daniel Eggers, Senr, Daniel Eggers, Junr., James Jackson, Isaac Green, Jno. Northern, Anthony Reece, Jno. Norris, Ephraim Norris, Senr., Ephraiom Norris, Junr., John Coleman, Joseph Morphew, Joseph Brown, David Miller, John Brown, Philip Church, James Morris, James Prophet, Landrine Eggers be a jury to view and lay off a road from the turnpike road by Ephraim Norris and into the turnpike road again likewise from the [blank] to the indian graves on Meat Camp.
Last deed for his land 1807 Bk. #F1 pg. 242 on Lost Creek NC. William in Tenn and passed land to Isiah Case of Wilkes Co NC
1810 William is 74 years old when he writes a codicil to his Will 5 June 1810. I have assumed he died shortly after writing that codicil.
From research of Janeen Proctor about James Jackson:
Will: 25 FEB 1826 Ashe Co., NC., Will book A, pg 82, names wife, Abigail, sons, (1) John, (2) James, (3) Benjamin, (4) Ebenezer, (5) Daniel, (6) Jesse, (7) Isaac and (8) Mary Jackson. May not be listed in order of birth.
(1) John b abt 1784; in 1826 James' will left the home place in Ashe Co to James. Was he the oldest child still living in Ashe County??
(2) James m Martha Chambers in 1799 Wilkes Co and is on the 1820 Wayne Co. IN census (IF he was 21 in 1799; b would be abt 1778)
(3) Benjamin - no info on Benjamin. Could he have been the Benjamin on Wilkes 1810 census? Need the 1800 Wilkes census to verify.
(4) Ebenezer: married Nancy Chambers in Jessamine Co., Kentucky 6 Jul 1807. In 1809 his son James Chambers was born in Marshall Co., KY and he is on the 1820 Wayne Co. IN census (IF Ebenezer was 21 when he married in 1807, his b would be 1786)
(5) Daniel b ? m in 1807. He & Prudence moved to Henry Co. Indiana and finally settled in Henry County in 1812. (IF he was 21 in 1807; b would be abt 1786) Prudence had already had 1, maybe 2 children before they married, so doubt if she & Daniel were real young when they married. There is a Daniel in the Wilkes 1810!
(6) Jesse b ? m Mary ? and by 1814 had 3 ch; THIS NEEDS RESEARCH.
(7) Isaac nothing known
(8) Mary (one source says the name is Mark, the will is probably difficult to read and I don't have an image of the original)
1816 John Jackson of Carter Co. bought 75 acres from James Peters "including the place where Thomas Canon formerly lived on Stoney Creek.
1819 Stephen Jackson of Carter Co. sold 18 acres to John Shown corner Leonard Shown line. Wit: Andrew Taylor, Jos Tompkins.
1822 Davidson County was formed in 1822 from Rowan County - so any activity mentioning Rowan County could have taken place in the area of the settlement that is mentioned being in now Davidson Co. See reference to Jersey settlement above at 1774-1755.
1823 This 28 April 1823 Wilkes County, NC Will signed by Joseph x Younger [seal] has the following comment: “I give and bequeath unto my Son William Younger one Hundred Acres of Land Joining the lands he now lives on this tract I purchased of John Jackson. (research of the purchase of this 100 acres by Joseph Younger would give location of where John Jackson had land; or maybe could find the deed wherein John got the land.) CHECK THIS AGAINST LIST THAT BARBARA CRUMPTON SENT!
1836 Johnson County was cut from northeastern section of Carter Co, county seat is Taylorsville (pre-Civil War) and now named Mountain City.
Carter County, Tennessee, is located in the Northeastern area of the state. It is bounded on the north by Sullivan County, on the east by Johnson County, on the south by Unicoi County and the North Carolina state line and on the west by Washington County.
Below needs further work!!
In another document, I have the 1830, 1840 & 1850 census records for Jacksons and Jenkins/Jinkins in Carter Co. The 1800, 1810 and 1820 records were destroyed.
Archibald 22 1 - 20 through 29 1 - less than 5 1 - 20 through 29
Stephen 30 1 - less than 5 2 - less than 5
1 - 10 through 14 1 - 5 through 9
1 - 15 through 19 2 - 10 through 14
1 - 30 through 39 1 - 30 through 39
James W. 172 11 4 2 - less than 5 1 - less than 5
2 - 5 through 9 1 - 5 through 9
1 - 30 through 39 1 - 30 through 39
William 184 18 5 1 - 20 through 29 1 - less than 5
1 - 20 through 29
Alfred 6 205B * living w/Andrew 28 Carter Co., 7th District
Andrew 28 199B b abt 1822
Evelina 5 181 * living w/Andrew 28 Carter Co., 7th District
Jane 4 181 * need to look for her later
William 33 195 m to Sophia both born abt 1817
An asterisk(*) after a name indicates that this person is listed in the household of a person with a different surname or was an elderly person listed in the household of a person with the same surname. Need to find who these *folks were living with.
Census records I found at Ancestry.com on 7/21/06:
Alfred 6 205B *
Andrew 28 199B
Evelina 5 181 *
Jane 4 181 *
William 33 195
1850 Census District 7, Carter Co, TN
Andrew Jackson 28 M W farmer 168 or 108 Va (I think)
Alfred T. 6 M W TN
Evilina Jackson 5 F W TN
Loucinda J. Jackson 3 F W TN
1850 Census District 5, Carter Co, TN
Evalina Jackson is also listed with the family of
(Nancy Ann according to Anita Evans <email@example.com>) (Nancy Ann according to 1860 Census)