- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Roxton is a small village and civil parish located in the Borough of Bedford in Bedfordshire, England. Its population was 348 according to the UK census of 2011.
Roxton is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.
The hamlets of Wyboston, Chawston and Colesden (all redirected here) were originally in the civil parish of Eaton Socon, were transferred to Roxton in 1965, but in May 2007 they became independent of Roxton, and make up the civil parish of Wyboston, Chawston and Colesden within the Borough of Bedford. (Wyboston was originally a chapelry of Eaton Socon parish.)
- end of Wikipedia contribution
Roxton was originally an ancient parish in the Barford Hundred of Bedfordshire, England. It was an ancient parish with no subsidiary chapelries or townships.
It was made a civil parish in 1866 and in 1894 it became part of the Bedford Rural District. Since 1974 it has been in the non-metropolitan Borough of Bedford.
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Roxton from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "ROXTON, a village and a parish in the [registration] district and county of Bedford. The village stands near the river Ouse, 2½ miles N W of Tempsford [railway] station, and 4½ S S W of St. Neots; and has a post-office under St. Neots. The parish contains also the hamlets of Chawson and Colesdon. Acres: 2,880. Real property: £5,095. Population: 688. Houses: 146. The manor belongs to the Rev. R. Delap. The manor-house is an ancient moated edifice, and is now a farm-house. [Roxton] House is the seat of T. Cranfield, Esq. The living is a vicarage, united with Great Barford, in the diocese of Ely. Value: £288. Patron: Trinity College, Cambridge. The church is ancient, and contains an altar-tomb of 1439. There are an Independent chapel and a national school."
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Wyboston.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Chawston.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Colesden.
- The website British History Online provides three chapters of the Victoria County History Series on Bedfordshire. The first covers the religious houses of the county; the second and third provides articles on the parishes of the county. The parishes are arranged within their "hundreds".
- GENUKI main page for Bedfordshire which provides information on various topics covering the whole of the county, and also a link to a list of parishes. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each. This is a list of pre-1834 ancient or ecclesiastical parishes but there are suggestions as to how to find parishes set up since then. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and therefore the reader should check additional sources if possible.
- Bedfordshire family history societies are listed in GENUKI.
- The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date and from more recent data. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851. There is a list of all the parishes in existence at that date with maps indicating their boundaries. The website is very useful for finding the ecclesiastical individual parishes within large cities and towns.
- A Vision of Britain through Time, Bedfordshire, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72 which often provides brief notes on the economic basis of the settlement and significant occurences through its history.
- These two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.