Place:Woodford, Essex, England

Watchers
NameWoodford
Alt namesHermon Hillsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeUrban district
Coordinates51.6048°N 0.0298°E
Located inEssex, England     ( - 1965)
See alsoWanstead and Woodford, Essex, Englandmunicipal borough in which it was located 1937-1965
Redbridge (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon borough to which it was transferred in 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog


the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Woodford is a suburban town in northeast Greater London, England, occupying the northwestern part of the London Borough of Redbridge. It is located approximately 9.5 miles (15.3 km) northeast of Charing Cross (a basis for measuring distances to the centre of London) and is divided into the neighbourhoods of Woodford Green, Woodford Bridge and South Woodford. In the Middle Ages it was a string of agrarian villages surrounded by Epping Forest in the county of Essex. From about 1700 onwards, however, it became a place of residence for moneyed people who had business in London. As part of the suburban growth of London at the turn of the 20th century, Woodford significantly increased in population, and in 1937 joined with its neighbour, Wanstead to become the Wanstead and Woodford Municipal Borough. Wanstead and Woodford formed part of Redbridge London Borough in 1965.

The name is Old English and means "ford in or by the wood". The ford refers to a crossing of the River Roding, which was replaced with a bridge by 1238; this led to the renaming of part of the district as Woodford Bridge by 1805. Similarly, part of the district gained the contemporary name of Woodford Green by 1883.

Nineteenth Century Development

The ancient parish of Woodford, also known as Woodford St. Mary, formed part of the Becontree Hundred of Essex. It was suburban to London and formed part of the Metropolitan Police District from 1840. For administration of the Poor Law it was grouped into the West Ham Union in 1835.

Woodford doubled its population in the middle and later decades of the 19th century due to the arrival of the railway.

The parish church of St. Mary's is known to have existed by the 12th century and is located on the High Road in what is now South Woodford. The medieval church was substantially rebuilt in brick in the Gothic style in 1816. The interior is modern, the church having been gutted by arsonists in 1969. In 1874 a new church, All Saints' Woodford Wells, was built to serve the rapidly developing area of the north of the parish. In addition a Congregational and a Methodist Church were built in the same year.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Woodford.

Essex Reseach Tips

Essex has a large enough population to merit a much longer list than this one. Users are welcome to add other websites and organizations with Essex interests to this template.

  • Essex Record Office Wharf Road, Chelmsford CM12 6YT. Telephone (01245) 244644 ero.enquiry@essexcc.gov.uk
  • Colchester & North East Essex Branch, 1st floor, Stanwell House, Stanwell St, Colchester CO2 7DL. Telephone (01206) 572099
  • Chelmsford Branch (and headquarters)
  • Colchester Branch
  • Harlow Branch
  • Saffron Walden Branch
  • Southend on Sea Branch

Greater London Research Tips

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Woodford. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.