Walton County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of 2000, the population was 40,601. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimate for the county is 50,324. Its county seat is DeFuniak Springs, Florida. The county is home to the highest natural point in Florida: Britton Hill, at .
Walton County was created in 1824. It was named for George Walton, Secretary of the Florida territory from 1821 to 1826.
The county was settled in the early 18th Century by Scots who migrated from the Carolinas. The original settlements were in the Euchee (Yuchi) Valley near the landing on the Choctawhatchee River maintained by an Indian named Sam Story. They established one of the first Presbyterian churches in Northwest Florida which is still a functioning parish with an historical cemetery.
In 1951, Mossy Head became the interchange point for a base railroad constructed between the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Eglin Air Force Base, located partially in Walton County. The line operated until the early 1980s, and a short section on the north end of the alignment still exists for rail shipments.
Note: Escambia's 1830 population comprises 2,518 "west of Escambia River, including Saint Rosa Island" and 868 "between Yellow and Escambia Rivers"; part of this area was in Walton County.. Walton's 1830 population is for the territory between the Choctowatchee and Yellow Rivers, including the isthmus south of the Choctowatchee; part of this area was in Washington County.