This area is also referred to as 'Itu Asau' (Asau district) in the Samoan language.
The population of Vaisigano is 6,643 (2001 Census).
Within the district is the village of Vaisala whose chief Va'ai Kolone became the Prime Minister of Samoa twice in the 1980s. Kolone also founded the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), the dominant party in Samoan politics which is currently in power.
Vaisigano district has strong links to the Tonumaipe'a chiefly title and at a national level, the TuiA'ana.