Urana is located between Lockhart and Jerilderie, about southwest of the state capital, Sydney. To the west lies Lake Urana and the Lake Urana Nature Reserve. To the east lies a smaller lake, Lake Uranagang.
Urana is the major town and headquarters of Urana Shire. The shire includes the localities of Boree Creek, Morundah, Oaklands and Rand. The Urana district is used for raising sheep and for growing wheat and other grain crops.
In the 2011 Census, there were 300 people in Urana (State Suburbs) of these 51.7% were male and 48.3% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.7% of the population.