Place:Ticino, Switzerland

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NameTicino
Alt namesTessinsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ticinussource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 933
TypeCanton
Coordinates46.333°N 8.75°E
Located inSwitzerland     (1803 - )
Contained Places
General region
Alto Verbano
Inhabited place
Acquarossa
Airolo
Aquila
Arbedo
Ascona
Aurigeno
Balerna
Bellinzona
Biasca
Bignasco
Breno
Brione
Brissago
Brè
Cademario
Camedo
Campo Blenio
Capolago
Castagnola
Castel San Pietro ( 500 - )
Cevio
Chironico
Cimalmotto
Coldrerio
Comologno
Dongio
Druogno
Faido
Fusio
Gandria
Giornico
Gordola
Indemini
Intragna
Isone
Ligornetto
Locarno
Loco
Losone ( 500 - )
Lugano ( 100 - )
Maggia
Malvaglia
Melide
Mendrisio
Meride
Minusio
Morcote
Mosogno Sotto
Mosogno
Muralto
Negrentino
Olivone
Osogna
Piotta
Ponte Tresa
Prugiasco
Ronco
Ruvigliana
San Carlo
Sonogno
Tenero
Tesserete
Vergeletto
Vira
Municipality
Agno
Caslano
Chiasso
Curio
Unknown
Agra
Almatro
Altanca
Anzonico
Aranno
Arcegno
Arogno
Arosio
Arzo
Astano
Auressio
Avegno
Barbengo
Bedigliora
Berzona
Besazio
Bettagno
Bidogno
Bigorio
Bioggio
Biogno
Bironico
Bissone
Bodio
Bogno
Bombinasco
Borgnone
Bosco Luganese
Bosco-Gurin
Brione sopra Minusio
Broglio
Brontallo
Brusino-Arsizio
Bruzella
Brè-Aldesago
Cabbio
Cadenazzo
Cadro
Cagiallo
Calonico
Calpiogna
Camignolo
Camorino
Campello
Campestro
Campo (Blenio)
Campo (Vallemaggia)
Caneggio
Canobbio
Capidogno
Carabbia
Carasso
Carona
Casima
Castelrotto
Castione
Castro
Catto
Cavagnago
Cavergno
Caviano
Cavigliano
Cerentino
Certara
Chiggiogna
Cimadera
Cimo
Claro
Coglio
Colla
Comano
Contone
Contra
Corippo
Corzoneso
Crana
Cresciano
Cugnasco
Cureglia
Dalpe
Daro
Davesco
Fescoggia
Frasco
Genestrerio
Gentilino
Gerra (Gambarogno)
Gerra (Verzasca)
Ghirone
Giubiasco
Giumaglio
Gnosca
Golino
Gordevio
Gorduno
Grancia
Gravesano
Gudo
Insone
Iragna
Iseo
Lamone-Cadempino
Largario
Lavertezzo
Lelgio
Leontica
Linescio
Lodano
Lodrino
Lopagno
Lottigna
Ludiano
Lugaggia
Lumino
Lurengo
Magadino
Magliaso
Mairengo
Maroggia
Medeglia
Melano
Mendrisio Borgo
Menzonio
Mergoscia
Mezzovico-Vira
Miera
Miglieglia
Moghegno
Molare
Moleno
Montagnola
Monte Carasso
Monte
Morbio Inferiore
Morbio Superiore
Mugena
Muggio
Muzzano
Neggio
Niva
Novaggio
Novazzano
Odogno
Oggio
Origlio
Osco
Palagnedra
Pambio-Noranco
Pazzallo
Peccia
Pedrinate
Percamorina
Pezzolo
Piandera
Pianezzo
Piazzogna
Pollegio
Ponte Capriasca
Pontirone
Ponto Valentino
Porza
Prato
Prato-Sornico
Preonzo
Prosito
Pura
Quinto
Rancate
Rasa
Ravecchia
Riva S. Vitale
Rivera
Robasacco
Ronco sopra Ascona
Rossura
Roveredo
Rovio
Russo
S. Abbondio
S. Antonino
S. Antonio
S. Carlo
S. Nazzaro
Sagno
Sala Capriasca
Salorino
Sarone
Savosa Paese
Scareglia
Scudellate
Sementina
Semione
Sessa
Sigirino
Signora
Sobrio
Solduno
Someo
Sonvico
Sorencino
Sorengo
Soresina
Stabio
Sureggio
Tegna
Torre
Torricella-Taverne
Tremona
Vacallo
Vaglio
Valcolla
Verdasio
Vernate
Verscio
Vezia
Vezio
Vico Morcote
Villa Bedretto
Villa Luganese
Vira (Mezzovico)
Vogorno
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Republic and Canton of Ticino or Ticino (;  ; see also in other languages) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. Ticino borders the Canton of Uri to the north, Valais to the west (through the Novena Pass), Graubünden to the northeast, Italy's regions of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south and it surrounds the small Italian exclave of Campione d'Italia.

Named after the Ticino river, it is the only canton where Italian is the only official language and represents the bulk of the Italian-speaking area of Switzerland along with the southern sections of Graubünden.

The land now occupied by the canton was annexed from Italian cities in the 15th century by various Swiss forces in the last Transalpine campaigns of the Old Swiss Confederacy. In the Helvetic Republic, established 1798, it was divided between the cantons of Bellinzona and Lugano, which since the formation of the Swiss Confederation five years later have been the canton's districts.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

In ancient times, the area of what is today Ticino was settled by the Lepontii, a Celtic tribe. Later, probably around the rule of Augustus, it became part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Western Empire, was ruled by the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and the Franks. Around 1100 it was the centre of struggle between the free communes of Milan and Como: in the 14th century it was acquired by the Visconti, Dukes of Milan. In the fifteenth century the Swiss Confederates conquered the valleys south of the Alps in three separate conquests.

Between 1403 and 1422 some of these lands were already annexed by forces from the Canton of Uri, but subsequently lost. Uri conquered the Leventina Valley in 1440. In a second conquest Uri, Schwyz and Nidwalden gained the town of Bellinzona and the Riviera in 1500.[1] Some of the land and Bellinzona itself were previously annexed by Uri in 1419 but lost again in 1422. The third conquest was fought by troops from the entire Confederation (at that time constituted by 12 cantons). In 1512 Locarno, the Maggia Valley, Lugano and Mendrisio were annexed. Subsequently, the upper valley of the Ticino River, from the St. Gotthard to the town of Biasca (Leventina Valley) was part of Uri. The remaining territory (Baliaggi Ultramontani, Ennetbergische Vogteien, the Bailiwicks Beyond the Mountains) was administered by the Twelve Cantons. These districts were governed by bailiffs holding office for two years and purchasing it from the members of the League.[1]



The lands of the canton of Ticino are the last lands to be conquered by the Swiss Confederation. The Confederation gave up any further conquests after their defeat at the battle of Marignano in 1515 by Francis I of France. The Val Leventina revolted unsuccessfully against Uri in 1755.[1] In February 1798 an attempt of annexation by the Cisalpine Republic was repelled by a volunteer militia in Lugano. Between 1798 and 1803, during the Helvetic Republic, the districts of Bellinzona and Lugano were separate cantons, but in 1803 the two were unified to form the canton of Ticino that joined the Swiss Confederation as a full member in the same year.[1] During the Napoleonic Wars, many Ticinesi (as was the case for other Swiss) served in Swiss military units allied with the French. The canton minted its own currency, the Ticinese franco, between 1813 and 1850, when it began use of the Swiss franc.

In the early 19th century, Ticino was the poorest of the cantons of Switzerland. According to the contemporary Franco-Danish scholar Conrad Malte-Brun, "in no part of Switzerland is there more poverty, bordering on wretchedness, so much idleness, and so little industry". Until 1878 the three largest cities, Bellinzona, Lugano and Locarno, alternated as capital of the canton. In 1878, however, Bellinzona became the only and permanent capital. The 1870-1891 period saw a surge of political turbulence in Ticino, and the authorities needed the assistance of the federal government to restore order in several instances, in 1870, 1876, 1889 and 1890-1891.

The current cantonal constitution dates from 1997. The previous constitution, heavily modified, was codified in 1830, nearly 20 years before the constitution of the Swiss Confederation.

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