Talbot County is a county located in the heart of the Eastern Shore of Maryland in the U.S. state of Maryland. It is bordered by Queen Anne's County to the north, Caroline County to the east, Dorchester County to the south, and the Chesapeake Bay to the west. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,782. It was named for Lady Grace Talbot, the wife of Sir Robert Talbot, an Anglo-Irish statesman, and the sister of Lord Baltimore. Its county seat is Easton.
The founding date of Talbot County is not known. It existed by February 12, 1661, when a writ was issued to its sheriff.
In 1667 the 1st meeting of Commissions was held in the home known as Widow Winkles on the Skipton Creek near the town of York. The town of York was vacated once the court house was to be built on Armstrongs Old Field in 1709 near Pitts' Bridge. The new court house designated due to the fact that York was too far north in the county once Queen Anne's County received their charter and was lopped off of Talbot County. Pitts' Bridge was just north of the Quaker Meeting House, but most importantly, it faced the Indian trail (Washington Street - Easton).
Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman, Gen. George Washington Aide-De-Camp was born on Fausley in Talbot County on December 25, 1744. He died on April 18, 1786 and is buried in Oxford, Maryland On the momunment at the grave site, an inscription reads: Tench Tilghman Lt. Col. in the Continental Army And Aid de-camp of Washington Who spoke Him thus: He was in Every Action in which the Main Army was concerned a great part of the Time. He refused to receive Pay. While lying no man could be more Esteemed and since dead none more Lamen ted than Col. Tilghman. No one bad imbibed Sentiments of greater Friendship for Him than I had done. He left as Fair a Reputation as Ever belonged to a Human Character. Died April 18, 1786 Aged 42
On his actually grave an inscription reads In memory of Col. Tench Tilghman who died April 18, 1786 in the 42nd year of his age. Very much lamented. He tool an early and active part in the great contest that secured the Independence of the United Stated of America. He was an Aide-de-Camp to His Excellency General George Washington Commander in Chief of the American Armies and was Honoured with his Friendship, Confidence and he was one of those whose merit were Disinguised and Honourable Reward By the Congress But Still more to his Praise He was a Good Man
Founding Father John Dickinson was born in Trappe; the abolitionist Frederick Douglass was born into slavery near Tuckahoe Creek. A Statue of Frederick Douglass stand in front of the Talbot County Courthouse.
The first established hospital on the Eastern Shore was near McDaniel at Dr. Absolom Thompson farm, the old Mary's Delight Farm.
The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.