Sunderland is a city in the north-east of England. It lies within the historic boundaries of County Durham, but was transferred in 1974 to the newly-created metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear. Following the abolition of the metropolitan counties in 1986, Sunderland has been a unitary authority, although nominally remains within the ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear. Sunderland was granted city status in 1992.
The area now known as Sunderland was also historically known as Wearmouth, from its location near the mouth of the river Wear. North of the Wear was a parish called Monkwearmouth and south of the Wear was a parish called Bishopwearmouth. Sunderland started out as a small village south of the river, but gradually grew to absorb both Bishopwearmouth and Monkwearmouth. Sunderland was made a borough in the 1180s, but remained within Bishopwearmouth parish. Sunderland became a parish in its own right in 1719, and was made a municipal borough in 1835. The municipal borough included Sunderland and large parts of the parishes of Bishopwearmouth and Monkwearmouth, although they remained separate parishes within the borough until 1897 when both Bishopwearmouth and Monkwearmouth were finally abolished as parishes. Other outlying areas have also been added to Sunderland over time.
The former parish church of Bishopwearmouth was renamed Sunderland Minster in 1998. Sunderland's city centre now covers both the former areas of the villages of Sunderland and Bishopwearmouth.
Sunderland may refer to: