The church of St Mary's was built in the eleventh century.
The village also gives its name to the Sturmer Pippin apple which was bred in the orchards of the village.
Like most English villages Sturmer once had industry of its own including shops, maltings, farming, orchards for both apples and willow for basket making and cricket bats. Today, in common with many other villages, there is little of this local industry left. It is home to a golf course, a cement works, a garden centre and most of the village area is still covered with worked arable land although it takes many fewer people to run an arable farm than it did in the 1800s.
The village was once host to a railway station and hotel on Water Lane but both are now private dwellings. The Stour Valley Railway once connected Sturmer to Colchester, Cambridge, Sudbury and many other important towns but was eventually closed as part of the Beeching Axe which shut many branch lines.