Stoughton is east of Leicester, in countryside between two protusions of the Leicester urban area (Thurnby to the north and Oadby to the south). The closest part of the city of Leicester is Evington. Other nearby places are Houghton on the Hill and Great Stretton.
The parish church of St Mary and All Saints contains monuments to members of the Farnham and Beaumont families. Stoughton Grange was the principal grange or farm of Leicester Abbey. After the suppression of the abbey it passed to the Farnhams.
Leicester Airport is close to the village; Stoughton Farm Park (formerly Stoughton Grange Farm), which was closed following the foot-and-mouth crisis and now houses a number of small businesses, is nearby. In 2008, the airport and adjacent land are the subject of a proposal to build an eco-town of some 15,000 to 20,000 new homes, with the provisional name of Pennbury.