Place:Stikine Region, British Columbia, Canada

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NameStikine Region
TypeRegional district
Located inBritish Columbia, Canada


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Stikine Region is an unincorporated area in northwesternmost British Columbia, Canada and is the only area in B.C. not in a regional district. The Stikine Region was left unincorporated following legislation that established the province's regional districts in 1968 and is not classified as a regional district, and contains no municipal governments which normally constitute the majority of seats on the boards of regional districts. There is only one local planning area, the Atlin Community Planning Area, which was combined in 2009 with the Atlin Community Improvement District to provide fire, landfill, water, streetlighting, sidewalks and advisory land use services. All other services not provided privately are administered directly by various provincial government ministries. The area around Dease Lake, formerly in the Stikine Region, is now within the boundaries of the Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine following a boundary amendment in 2008. Please see the revised Stikine Region map that shows the change in boundaries].

The Stikine Region has a total population of 1,352 (2004 est.) including 282 First Nations persons, most from the Taku Tlingit of Atlin and Teslin, British Columbia, and some reserves of the Kaska Dena Council (reserves and band governments are outside the jurisdiction of the provincial government which governs the Stikine Region directly through various ministry operations, as it is not an administrative body like a regional district and has no board). The 2006 census count was 1,109 persons. It has an area of 132,496.2 sq. kilometers (51,157.07 sq mi). Its 1 person per 100 km² makes it the least densely inhabited census division in British Columbia and least densely inhabited census division in Canada.

The term Stikine Region should not be confused with the terms Stikine Territory, Stikine District, or Stikine Country, which all mean something slightly different:

  • Half the historical Stikine Country, roughly synonymous with the Stikine Mining District of colonial times, as being the entire basin of that river, is in the Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine.
  • The Stikine Territory was a colonial-era entity which existed briefly and had boundaries differing from that of the Stikine Country per se, being latitudinal on its eastern extent and so cutting across terrain rather than defined by it; its southern boundary was the line of the Finlay and Nass Rivers, while its northern boundary was the 62nd parallel, north of which was the North-Western Territory. When the Stikine Territory was absorbed into British Columbia in 1863, the North-West Territory was expanded south to the 60th parallel and the merged Stikine Territory significantly reduced in size. In 1867, the former Stikine Territory was further reduced in size when British claims on the leased portion of the Alaska Panhandle were ignored by both Russia and the United States in course of the Alaska Purchase. Even after that, British perceptions that British territory had included the sites of Skagway, Haines and Dyea were overruled in the settlement of the Alaska Boundary Dispute.

Most of the Stikine Region, the boundaries of which reflect modern-era administrative realities, is composed of areas not part of the historical or geographical Stikine Country and the related Stikine Mining District but which were part of the Stikine Territory. These were the Atlin District and some of the Cassiar Mining Districts, as well as some of the Liard basin, plus the basin of the Tatshenshini-Alsekin the "BC Panhandle" west of Skagway and north of Alaska's Glacier Bay National Park.

In the 2001 Census, Statistics Canada enumerated the following list of "Designated Places". None of them are municipalities - they are a mixture of Indian Reserves (names end in numbers) and "Indian Settlements" (aboriginal communities that are not formally identified as Indian Reserves), which are geographically within the boundaries of the Stikine Region Regional District Electoral Area), with the following populations (2006 Canadian Census). NB Indian Reserves (IRs) are only locationally within the Stikine Region, and are outside its administrative jurisdiction.

Settlement Population</tr> Stikine Region Regional District Electoral Area* 574</tr> Dease Lake* 384</tr> Liard River 3 (IR) 0</tr> Five Mile Point 3 (IR) 95</tr> Good Hope Lake 32</tr> Dease Lake 9 (IR) 68</tr> Lower Post Indian Settlement 113</tr> Unnamed 10 (IR) (near Atlin) 227</tr> Tahltan 1 (IR) 0</tr> * Dease Lake is now part of the Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine since December 1, 2007 (census was taken prior to that date).</tr>

It is bordered by the Yakutat, Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon, Juneau and Haines boroughs of the U.S. state of Alaska to the west, the Yukon Territory to the north (which has no county-like system of division), the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality and Peace River Regional District to the east, and the Regional Districts of Bulkley-Nechako and Kitimat-Stikine to the south.

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