Standish-with-Langtree was an urban district in the southern part of Lancashire, England from 1894 until 1974. In 1974 it was absorbed into the Wigan Metropolitan Borough in Greater Manchester, England. The urban district was a coal mining area with Standish being the original village or parish in the area and Langtree the largest coal mine.
Standish is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is located on the A49 road between the towns of Chorley and Wigan, a short distance from Junction 27 of the M6 motorway.
Standish once had a railway station on the West Coast Main Line, but it closed in May 1949. Victoria Colliery has closed and has become a housing estate. The Church of St Wilfrid is a Grade I listed parish church, lying within the locality.
The name Standish is derived from two Old English words stan, meaning stone, and edisc, a park or enclosure. Its name has been variously recorded as Stanedis in 1206, Stanediss in 1219, Standissh, Stanedich and Stanedissh in 1292 and Standisch in 1330. Langtree was recorded as Langetre in 1206 and Longetre in 1330. A Roman road passed through the township.
Standish and Langtree were part of the Penwortham barony in the 12th century and between 1150 and 1164, Richard Bussel, Lord of Penwortham gave them to his brother-in-law Richard Spileman. In 1212 Thurstan Banastre held them and later they were held by William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, and then by 'the lords of Leylandshire'. The tenants adopted the local surnames, Standish and Langtree.
In 1896 the Wigan Coal and Iron Company owned the Broomfield, Giants Hall, Gidlow, John, Langtree, Robin Hill, Swire and Taylor Pits. The largest of these was the Langtree Pit with over 540 employees.