The village has been, since 1932, a part of the civil parish of Barford St. John and St. Michael. Barford St. Michael has sometimes been called Great Barford as it is much larger than the village of Barford St. John located on the opposite bank of the Swere. Barford St. John was in Bloxham Hundred.
The bell tower and north doorway of Church of England parish church of St. Michael are Norman. Much of the rest of the church was rebuilt in the 13th century in the Early English Gothic style. It is a Grade I listed building.