Springfield has been a civil parish of the Borough of Chelmsford, Essex, England since the borough's foundation in 1974. The parish takes in the portion of Chelmsford north of river Chelmer and west of the A12 bypass and originally comprised the manors of Springfield Hall, Springfield Barnes (now Chelmer Village), Cuton Hall, and in part New Hall (now Beaulieu Park).
Until the 1950s the parish was a semi-rural village lying a mile north east of Chelmsford, on the old Roman Road. In 2008, according to a published estimate, the population of the parish was 11,500.
A former resident of the village of Springfield, William Pynchon, went on to become one of the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony - a group of New World settlers whose capital city was Boston. In 1636, Pynchon and a group of pioneers founded Springfield, Massachusetts, beside New England's greatest river, the Connecticut River, amidst New England's most fertile soil.