Place:Solomon Islands

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NameSolomon Islands
Alt namesBritish Solomon Islandssource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 178
British Solomon Islands Protectoratesource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 178
Islas de Solomonsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) X, 949 ff.
Islas Salomónsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1989) p 344
Salomonensource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 320
Solomonssource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 874
Îles Salomonsource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 80
TypeCountry
Coordinates8°S 159°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of a large number of islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of . The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. Solomon Islands should not be confused with the Solomon Islands archipelago, which is a collection of Melanesian islands that includes Solomon Islands and Bougainville Island.

The islands have been inhabited for thousands of years. In 1568, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, naming them the Islas Salomón. By 1893, the United Kingdom had established a protectorate over what was then known as "the Solomon Islands". During the Second World War, the Solomon Islands campaign (1942–1945) saw fierce fighting between the United States and the Empire of Japan, such as in the Battle of Guadalcanal.

Self-government was achieved in 1976. Independence was obtained two years later with the country adopting the formal name of Solomon Islands. Today, Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen of Solomon Islands, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state. Gordon Lilo Darcy is the eleventh and current Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands.

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