Socorro is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States on the north bank of the Rio Grande southeast of El Paso and on the border of Mexico. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 27,152. By the 2010 census, the number had grown to 32,013. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city, founded in 1680 by Piro Native Americans from the vicinity of Socorro, New Mexico and Spanish refugees from the Pueblo Revolt in New Mexico, and first incorporated in 1871, was re-incorporated in 1985 in response to an annexation attempt from neighboring El Paso  and is now El Paso County's second-largest municipality, after El Paso. It has a council manager type of government with five city council members.