Schaghticoke is a town in Rensselaer County, New York, USA. The population was 7,679 at the 2010 census. It was named for the Schaghticoke, a Native American tribe formed in the seventeenth century from an amalgamation of remnant peoples of eastern New York and New England. The tribe has one of the oldest reservations in the United States, located in what is now Litchfield County, Connecticut. It has been recognized by the state of Connecticut but has not yet achieved federal recognition.
This area was historically occupied by the Mohican tribe, and later by a mixed group of Mohicans, and remnants of numerous New England tribes who had migrated west seeking to escape European encroachment.
The first permanent settlement by Europeans began around 1668, who were mostly Dutch and English. One of the original county towns, the Town was organized in 1788, after the American Revolutionary War, from a previously established district (1772 in Albany County).