Saxonburg is a borough in Butler County, which is in the western part of the state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. It was founded in 1832 by John A. Roebling. The city was first named "Germania" and "Sachsenburg" before arriving at its present name. The population was 1,525 as of the 2010 census.
Founded in 1832 by John A. Roebling, who is known for the design of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York, and for innovation in producing wire rope, the community was initially called "Germania", which was soon changed to "Sachsenburg" and eventually anglicized to Saxonburg. Roebling had set out with his brother Karl and a group of pioneers from Germany in 1831 to flee the general unrest and oppression in Europe. The two men, along with a handful of the people who accompanied them on the trans-Atlantic journey secured 1582 acres (6.4 km²) of land on October 28, 1831 from Mrs. Sarah Collins.
In November 1920 KDKA radio, regarded as the world's first commercial radio station, began broadcasting from East Pittsburgh, PA, but later located its transmitter in neighboring Clinton Township. The Roebling Museum in the borough maintains several artifacts.
In 1946, Fred Seitz, then head of the physics department at Carnegie Tech, brought Ed Creutz (who later succeeded Seitz as department head), Jack Fox (who succeeded Creutz as department head), Roger Sutton (who succeeded Creutz as director of the Saxonburg Nuclear Research Center) and Bert Corben to Carnegie Tech to establish an important nuclear physics research program. Through a series of initiatives by June 6, 1946 a leading-edge 450 MeV proton synchrocyclotron was built at the Nuclear Research Center near Saxonburg in southern Butler County. The research program developed at Saxonburg flourished up to the mid-1970s when the then-obsolete accelerator was dismantled. The legacy of that work remains, in the form of vigorous, medium and high energy nuclear and particle physics research programs carried on by Carnegie Mellon groups at various national and international accelerator laboratories. II-VI Corporation now occupies the old Nuclear Research Center site in Saxonburg. As of 1997, the original laboratory building remains, more or less intact, as does the old dormitory/cafeteria/lounge building, which is now used for storage. The most obvious changes are that the accelerator and attendant shielding are gone, along with the farmhouse and quonset huts; the high-bay area has been converted to three levels of office and laboratory space; and there has been considerable new construction, so that the original lab building is now but a fraction of the total facility.
On the afternoon of December 4, 1980, Donald Eugene Webb allegedly killed police officer Gregory Adams in Saxonburg. Webb was on the FBI Most Wanted List longer than any other fugitive since its creation in 1950. He was removed from the list on March 31, 2007 without ever being found.
First Woman Mayor
In November 2009,Jody Pflueger, Saxonburg's first Woman and first Democratic Mayor was elected as a write-in candidate, defeating the 12 year incumbent. While in office Mayor Pflueger had the position of Police Chief reinstated.