Saxonburg is a borough in Butler County, which is in the western part of the state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. It was founded in 1832 by John A. Roebling. The city was first named "Germania" and "Sachsenburg" before arriving at its present name. The population was 1,525 as of the 2010 census.
Founded in 1832 by John A. Roebling, who is known for the design of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York and for innovation in producing wire rope, the community was initially called "Germania", which was soon changed to "Sachsenburg" and eventually anglicized to Saxonburg. Roebling had set out with his brother Karl and a group of pioneers from Germany in 1831 to flee the general unrest and oppression in Europe. The two men, along with a handful of the people who accompanied them on the trans-Atlantic journey secured of land on October 28, 1831, from Mrs. Sarah Collins.
In November 1920, KDKA radio, regarded as the world's first commercial radio station, began broadcasting from East Pittsburgh, but later located its transmitter in neighboring Clinton Township. The Roebling Museum in the borough maintains several artifacts.
In 1946, Fred Seitz, then head of the physics department at Carnegie Tech, brought Ed Creutz, Jack Fox, Roger Sutton and Bert Corben to Carnegie Tech to establish an important nuclear physics research program. By June 6, 1946, a leading-edge 450 MeV proton synchrocyclotron was built at the Nuclear Research Center near Saxonburg, just south of the Saxonburg limits. The research program there flourished up to the mid-1970s when the then-obsolete accelerator was dismantled. The site was converted to industrial purposes, and is now occupied by II-VI Corporation. As of 1997, only one or two of the original Nuclear Research Center buildings remained, including the original laboratory building, more or less intact.
On the afternoon of December 4, 1980, Donald Eugene Webb allegedly killed police officer Gregory Adams in Saxonburg. Webb was on the FBI Most Wanted List longer than any other fugitive since its creation in 1950. He was removed from the list on March 31, 2007, without ever being found.
First woman mayor
In November 2009, Jody Pflueger, Saxonburg's first Democratic and first female mayor, was elected as a write-in candidate, defeating the 12-year incumbent. While in office Mayor Pflueger had the position of Police Chief reinstated. Pflueger was succeeded by Pamela Bauman in 2013. Bauman still holds the office today.