Satara ( is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. The city is 2320 ft. above sea-level, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary river Venna. The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of Raja of Satara. This city is the headquarter of Satara Tehsil, as well as Satara District.
The oldest Dynasty ruling Satara is said to be the Rashtrakutas. The oldest Rashtrakutas are believed to be from ancient Kuntala in the valley of river Krishna. King Manank ruled from 350 – 375 CE. and had built his capital in Maanpur (now Maan in Satara district). The Vakatakas of Vidarbha, another Rashtrakuta rulers were in conflict with Manank. Subsequently, the Rashtrakutas became feudatories to the Chalukyas and came into prominence under Dantidurga around 753 CE.
The empire of Chandragupta II, known as Mahendraditya Kumargupta I, extended as far as Satara district in Deccan when he ruled between 451 and 455 AD. The Mauryan empire in the Deccan was followed by the rule of Satavahans for about two centuries between 550 and 750 AD.
The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Shivaji, Shahu Shivaji, Heir Apparent to Maratha Kingdom, captured by Mughals when we was only seven years old, remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu with some conditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to Maratha empire and claimed his inheritance. Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6 month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji, was crowned on the Satara fort. The direct descendents of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.Dundle is the Sardar Of Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj.
After their victory in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the British Empire annexed most of the Maratha territory to Bombay Presidency, but restored the titular Raja Pratap Singh, and assigned to him the principality of Satara, an area much larger than the present district. As a result of political intrigues, he was deposed in 1839, and his brother Shahji Raja was placed on the throne. This prince died without any male heirs, and as a result Satara was eventually annexed by the British government, and added to Bombay Presidency.
In 1930 several young leaders Yashwantrao Chavan, Dhulappa Navale, Swami Ramanand Bharti, V.S. Page and Gaurihar Sihasane took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1940 individual sathyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature and it was let to Mahatma Gandhi to choose the satyagrahis. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was the first individual satyagrahi of Mahatma Gandhi and in Satara District region Dhulappa Bhaurao Navale was the first individual satyagrahi. He made his satyagraha in Bhilawadi.
In 1940 the British Government interned several hundred German families on an unused military base in Satara; a few Jewish families from Germany were also interned in the camp and were treated by the British authorities as though they were in every material respect Germans. After the war many of the Germans were sent back to Germany. In the summer of 1946 the Jewish families, along with a few German families, were given permission to remain in India and the Sarara camp was closed.(Personal recollection of contributor.)
During the independence struggle, a type of parallel government known as Prati Sarkar came into existence. The people of Satara, under the leadershi p of Krantisinha Nana Patil, ousted the British officials and took power into their hands. During Quit India Movement of 1942, this parallel government replaced British government for 4.5 years from August 1943 to May 1946. Similar ousters of British power in other areas, led to the formation of similar Parallel Governments in Midnapore in West Bengal and Purnia in Uttar Pradesh.