Place:Salem, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

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NameSalem
TypeCity or town
Coordinates11.65°N 78.167°E
Located inSalem, Tamil Nadu, India
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Salem is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Salem is located about northwest of Coimbatore and about southwest of the state capital, Chennai. Salem is the fifth largest city in Tamil Nadu in terms of population after Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, and Tiruchirappalli respectively and fourth in terms of urbanisation. The area of the city is . It is the fifth Municipal Corporation and Urban agglomeration commissioned in Tamil Nadu after Madras (year 1919), Coimbatore (1981), Madurai (1971) and Tiruchirappalli (1994) respectively. As of 20011, the city had a population of 829,267.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cheralam , Shalya, Sayilam and Sailam are found in inscriptions referring to the country around the hills, Nagarmalai in the north, Jeragamalai in the south, Kanjanamalai on the west and Godumalai on the east. Local tradition claims Salem as the birthplace of Tamil poetess Avvaiyar. Salem and the hilly region around it were part of the Chera and the city was ruled by kings who were known as the Kurunila Mannargal of ancient Tamil Nadu. Later, it was ruled by Gatti Mudalis Poligars who built some temples and forts in and around the city. In the early 18th century, after the Mysore-Madurai war, it came under the rule of Hyder Ali . Subsequently, Salem was taken from Hyder Ali by Colonel Wood at the beginning of 1768. It was recaptured by Hyder Ali towards the end of the year 1772. Under Lord Clive in 1799, it was again occupied by a detachment of the regiment stationed at Sankagiri Durg and remained a military station until 1861 when the troops were withdrawn. During the times of Kongu Chieftain Dheeran Chinnamalai, places like Salem and Sankagiri were the scene of battle between Kongu forces and British allied forces. Dheeran Chinnamalai was hanged infamously in the Sankagiri fort which later became the army headquarters of the British.

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