Place:Saint Mary's, Maryland, United States

NameSaint Mary's
Alt namesSaint Mary'ssource: WeRelate abbreviation
Saint Maryssource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Saint Marys countysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
St. Mary'ssource: Getty Vocabulary Program
St. Mary`ssource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Coordinates38.3°N 76.617°W
Located inMaryland, United States     (1637 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saint Mary's County (often abbreviated as St. Mary's County) is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. Its county seat is Leonardtown. As of the 2010 census, the population was 105,151. The name is in honor of Mary, the mother of Jesus.

The county is part of the Southern Maryland region.



the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The settlement of Lord Baltimore's Maryland began with the arrival of passengers from England at St. Clement's Island in the Potomac River in what is now southwestern St. Mary's County on March 25, 1634 (the anniversary of this landing being annually celebrated as Maryland Day). The passengers arrived in two vessels, the Ark and the Dove, which had set sail from the Isle of Wight on November 22, 1633. The county is also home to the first Catholic Mass celebrated in one of the original thirteen colonies -after they'd become English colonies (masses were said in 1526-7 at San Miguel de Gualdape).

St. Mary's County was the first county established in Maryland, in 1637, probably by an order of the Governor.

The county seat and state capital was St. Mary's City.

In 1649, Lord Baltimore, with the Maryland General Assembly, passed the Maryland Toleration Act, which provided religious freedom for any (Christian) sect, and which was the first law of its kind in the New World. There is a statue in St. Mary's City commemorating this event.

St. Mary's County is where Francis Scott Key, the author of a poem which became The Star Spangled Banner, and professional wrestler Scott Hall grew up. St. Mary's County was the birthplace of Dashiell Hammett, and Orlando "Tubby" Smith, head basketball coach at the University of Minnesota. The largest employer is Patuxent River Naval Air Station and its related aerospace contract firms. There are both Amish and Mennonite communities who follow traditional ways. Tobacco, once dominant crop, has declined in recent years. The Maryland International Raceway (Budd's Creek) attracts many auto racing enthusiasts.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.


Date Event Source
1637 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1790 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1827 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 15,544
1800 13,699
1810 12,794
1820 12,974
1830 13,459
1840 13,224
1850 13,698
1860 15,213
1870 14,944
1880 16,934
1890 15,819
1900 17,182
1910 17,030
1920 16,112
1930 15,189
1940 14,626
1950 29,111
1960 38,915
1970 47,388
1980 59,895
1990 75,974

Research Tips

Saint Mary's County Families by Linda Reno Davis and Marcella Jehl Dawson is extremely helpful to researchers of early Saint Mary's county. It features abstracts of wills from 1638-1800, marriages from 1638-1820, and numerous other articles and projects.

The Saint Mary's County Genealogical Society offers memberships and publishes a newsletter called The Generator four times a year.

External links

  • Outstanding guide to St. Mary's County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • Saint Mary's County Government

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Saint Mary's County, Maryland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.