The Village of Saddle Rock is in the Town of North Hempstead. It is on the Great Neck Peninsula on the North Shore of Long Island and is often grouped together with the other hamlets and villages and referred to collectively as "Great Neck."
The first settlers arrived in the 17th century. The Village of Saddle Rock is so named for an offshore boulder that gives the appearance of a saddle, first noted on a map in 1658.
The village is also home to a historic mill. Officially known as the Saddle Rock Grist Mill, it was built circa 1700 and is located inside a small cove that opens onto Little Neck Bay off Long Island Sound. The mill is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is the oldest continually operating tidal grist mill in the United States. The mill is now owned and operated by Nassau County as a working museum open to the public. The mill has been restored to its mid-19th century appearance and is located on Grist Mill Lane in Saddle Rock.
The first Mayor of Saddle Rock was Roswell Eldridge, who was appointed "Acting Mayor" after he had incorporated his own private estate as the Village of Saddle Rock in 1911.
In 1926, Eldridge's wife, Louise Udall Skidmore Eldridge, officially became the first female Mayor of Saddle Rock, and reportedly the first female mayor in the state of New York. Louise Eldridge served as mayor from 1926 until her death in 1947. She was also the last private individual to own the grist mill.
From 1991 to 2009, the mayor of Saddle Rock has been Leonard Samansky, having been elected to eleven consecutive terms as of 2010. He was the mayor of Saddle Rock until his death in the Summer of 2011. The newly elected mayor is Dan Levy.