History and Geography
It originated as a parish in the wapentake of Barkston Ash in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The parish, bounded on the north by the River Wharfe, covered 2654 acres and contained the township of Lead Hall about six miles away where there is St Mary's Chapel a chapel of ease to All Saints Church.
Ryther is the site of the 13th century All Saints Church, a Methodist chapel, public house (Rythre Arms) and village hall. It is adjacent to Nun Appleton Hall. From the 12th to the 16th century, the village was the site of Ryther Castle, the principal seat of the ancient de Rhythre/Ryther family, the Lords of Scarcroft who inherited Harewood Castle in about 1400. Several of the de Ryther knights have effigies at All Saints Church. The village once had several shops and many farms. Census returns show how many residents were farm labourers or had jobs in Cawood. There were two public houses, but only one remains.
The hamlet is situated on the south bank of the River Wharfe and has often been at risk of flooding. Ossendyke ings are within the parish.
The hamlet of Ryther was a community with generations of the same families living close-by. Ossendyke has few houses. Adjacent to Ossendyke is the Church Fenton Aerodrome which is used by small light aircraft and practising jets.
Ossendyke has had various spellings: Ozendyke - the modern spelling, Ossendyke, Ozendike and Ozzendyke