Royston is a suburban village within the Metropolitan borough of Barnsley, in South Yorkshire, England. Historically it was in the West Riding of Yorkshire, but was incorporated into the Metropolitan borough of Barnsley in 1974 and is now on the border with West Yorkshire. It is part of the Barnsley Central borough constituency, and has a population of 9,375.
Royston was a civil parish and an ecclesiastical and a civil parish in the wapentake of Staincross. In 1894 the parish becme part of the Barnsley Rural District, but this was short-lived. It became an urban district in 1896. The villages of Carlton, Cudworth and Monk Bretton were all originally in Royston parish.