Two post offices are located in Town of Rose although the area is covered by four postal districts. Most address within the northern section have a primary ZIP Code of 14516 for North Rose. Only the immediate hamlet of Rose has a ZIP Code of 14542 for Rose. Much of the southern section either has a ZIP Code of 14433 for Clyde or a ZIP Code of 14489 for Lyons.
Government offices for the town are located in North Rose.
The town was first settled around 1805.
The Town of Rose was created in 1826 from the Town of Wolcott. About 1840 a mass delusion took over the local inhabitants, and they came to believe that a treasure of gold and jewels was buried within the town. In spite of many secret, nocturnal excavations, nothing was ever found.