Protem is an unincorporated community in southeastern Taney County, Missouri, United States, about ten miles north of the Arkansas state line. It is located on Route 125. A fire station, a post office, and some homes are located there. The community was founded in 1870. The name comes from pro tempore (Latin for "temporary"), because the original community could not settle on a name and a temporary one (which became permanent) was needed.
As of the 2010 census, the population is 149.
The community was jokingly boycotted by the alternative rock band Inferno Armadillo in 2008 following a report that a dozen armadillos were killed in a day by a local resident. The band encouraged fans to avoid spending money at the Protem Post Office.