Place:Port Hope, Durham, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NamePort Hope
Alt namesSmith's Creek (1793-1817)source: wikipedia
The Municipality of Port Hope, Northumberland, Ontario, Canada
TypeTown
Coordinates43.943°N 78.293°W
Located inDurham, Ontario, Canada     (1793 - 1974)
Also located inNorthumberland, Ontario, Canada     (1974 - present)
See alsoNorthumberland and Durham, Ontario, Canadaadministrative county 1850-1974
Hope, Durham, Ontario, Canadatownship surrounding Port Hope prior to their merger in 2001
Contained Places
Cemetery
Port Hope Union Cemetery
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


Port Hope was an incorporated town located in Durham County in southern Ontario, Canada--109 kilometres (68 mi) east of Toronto and about 159 kilometres (99 mi) west of Kingston. It was on the north shore of Lake Ontario at the mouth of the Ganaraska River, the river which separates Durham and Northumberland Counties. In 1910 it was home to a number of manufacturers and flour mills as well as having a busy harbour for both passengers and goods. At that time its population was around 5000.

NOTE: In 1974 Port Hope and the surrounding Township of Hope were separated off from Durham and transferred to [Place:Northumberland, Ontario, Canada|Northumberland County]]. At this point they were independently incorporated from each other, Hope as a township and Port Hope as a town. In 2001 Port Hope and Hope Township amalgamated to form the Municipality of Port Hope within Northumberland County.

History

the following section is a condensation of an article in Wikipedia

In 1793, United Empire Loyalists became the first permanent settlers of European heritage in Port Hope, which they called Smith's Creek after a former fur trader. Mills and a town plot were developing by the turn of the century. After the War of 1812, more British settlers were wanted, and a better name was required. After a brief fling with the name Toronto, the village was renamed in 1817 as Port Hope, after the Township of Hope of which it was a part, which in turn had been named for [[wikipedia:Henry Hope (Quebec lieutenant governor)|Colonel Henry Hope, lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec. In 1834 Port Hope was incorporated as a town.

Relatively slow growth from 1881 to 1951 resulted in much of the town's original architecture not being demolished in the name of progress. Port Hope's downtown is celebrated now as the best-preserved 19th-century streetscape in Ontario.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Port Hope, Ontario.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 Ancestry.ca announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.


Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1911. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited. The 1921 census is only available through Ancestry.ca, but it is free-to-view.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Durham County

Some websites with more local information on Northumberland County

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Port Hope, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.