|Alt names||Pickhill with Roxby||source: Family History Library Catalog|
|Type||Parish (ancient), Civil parish|
|Located in||North Riding of Yorkshire, England ( - 1974)|
|Also located in||North Yorkshire, England (1974 - )|
|Yorkshire, England |
|See also||Allerton Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, England||wapentake in which it was part located|
|Hallikeld Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, England||wapentake in which it was part located|
|Hambleton District, North Yorkshire, England||district municipality covering the area since 1974|
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Pickhill is a village in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. It was the forerunner of the present civil parish of Pickhill with Roxby.
The Roman road, Dere Street, passed close to the village following the route of the modern A1 road. Up to the 16th century, Pickhill Manor was largely owned by the Neville family, with some having been given to Fountains Abbey. Thereafter it was split in two and was the possession of the Byerley and Meynell families until the 18th century.
The village is located a mile east of the A1, and its nearest neighbours are Sinderby 1.1 miles (1.8 km) to the south, Holme on Swale 1.2 miles (1.9 km) to the south-east and Ainderby Quernhow 1.8 miles (2.9 km) to the south. Pickhill Beck runs through the village before joining the nearby River Swale. The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 411.
Pickhill was a ancient parish in Allerton Wapentake in the North Riding of Yorkshire. In 1866 the status of civil parish was introduced and this was taken on by most ancient parishes and also by their subsidiary townships if they were of any size at all. In 1866 Pickhill became a civil parish named Pickhill with Roxby and its five townships also became civil parishes. In 1894 they each became part of the Thirsk Rural District of the North Riding.
The townships of Pickhill were Ainderby Quernhow, Holme on Swale, Howe, Sinderby and Swainby with Allerthorpe. Roxby relates to Roxby House situated on the western boundary of the parish.
A nineteenth century description
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Pickhill from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "PICKHILL, a township ... in Thirsk [registration] district, and a parish partly also in Bedale [registration] district, [North Riding of] Yorkshire. The township lies on the river Swale, and on the Ripley and Northallerton railway, 1¾ mile N N E of Sinderby [railway] station, and 6 W by N of Thirsk; and bears the name of Pickhill-with-Roxby. Acres: 2,131. Real property: £3,373. Population: 416. Houses: 81.
- "The parish [(Pickhill-with-Roxby)] contains also the townships of Howe, Ainderby-Quernhow, Sinderby, Holme, and Swainby-with-Allerthorpe; and its post town is Thirsk. Acres: 5,006. Real property, exclusive of Holme: £7,672. Population: 783. Houses: 155. The property is subdivided. The manor belongs to W. Rutson, Esq. There is a Saxon camp. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ripon. Value: £152. Patron: Trinity College, Cambridge. The church is good; and there are a Wesleyan chapel, and charities £52."
- This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
- GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
- These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
- The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
- A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
- Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
- Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
- The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
- Yorkshire has a large number of family history and genealogical societies. A list of the societies will be found on the Yorkshire, England page.
Categories: North Riding of Yorkshire, England | Pickhill, North Riding of Yorkshire, England | Pickhill with Roxby, North Riding of Yorkshire, England | Allerton Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, England | Hallikeld Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, England | Hambleton District, North Yorkshire, England | North Yorkshire, England