Pharsalia is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States. The population was 593 at the 2010 census. Pharsalia is a name related to the location of Julius Caesar's victory over Pompey in 48 BCE.
Pharsalia is an interior town of Chenango County, located in the western half of the county, northwest of the city of Norwich.
The town received its first settler in 1797. Pharsalia was founded from part of the town of Norwich in 1806 as "Stonington". In 1808, the town was renamed "Pharsalia".