Place:People's Republic of China

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NamePeople's Republic of China
Alt namesChinasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 574 ff.; Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961); Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 21-24; UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 46; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Chinese Republicsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 260
Chung-huasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) III, 221; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 257
Chung-hua Jen-min Kung-ho-kuosource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 584; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 257
Cinasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 640
PRCsource: Wikipedia
Zhong Guosource: CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
Zhongguosource: Shanks, International Atlas (1991) p 81
Zhonghuasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guosource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 133-135
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguosource: CIA, World Fact Book (1995); Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) III, 221 ff.
TypeCountry
Coordinates35°N 105°E
Contained Places
Administrative region
Hong Kong ( 1997 - )
Macau ( 1999 - )
Autonomous region
Guangxi
Inner Mongolia
Ningsia ( 1958 - )
Sinkiang ( 1955 - )
Tibet
Disputed territory
Area disputed by China and India
Former province
Pingyuan ( 1949 - 1952 )
General region
Manchow
Historical region
Chietao
Municipality
Beijing
Chongqing
Shanghai
Tianjin
Province
Anhui ( 1600 - )
Fujian
Guangdong ( 1368 - )
Guizhou
Hainan
Heilongjiang
Henan
Hopeh
Hunan
Hupeh
Jiangsu ( 1700 - )
Jiangxi
Jilin ( 1945 - )
Kansu ( 1911 - )
Liaoning
Qinghai
Shantung ( 1368 - )
Shanxi
Shensi
Sichuan
Yunnan
Zhejiang
Unknown
Kwangsi
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The PRC also claims Taiwan – which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity – as its 23rd province, a claim which is controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan.

Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second-largest country by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.

The ancient Chinese civilization – one of the world's earliest – flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin (c. 2000 BCE). Since 221 BCE, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the country has expanded, fractured and been reformed numerous times. The Republic of China (ROC) overthrew the last dynasty in 1911, and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. After the defeat of the Empire of Japan in World War II, the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to its present capital of Taipei.

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2013, it is the world's second-largest economy by both nominal total GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP), and is also the world's largest exporter and importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, with the second-largest defense budget.[1] The PRC has been a United Nations member since 1971, when it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the BCIM and the G-20. China is a regional power within Asia and has been characterized as a potential superpower by a number of commentators.

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How places in People's Republic of China are organized

All places in People's Republic of China

Further information on historical place organization in People's Republic of China

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