Oxford Township is one of the nine townships of Erie County, Ohio, United States. It is part of the Sandusky, Ohio micropolitan statistical area and the Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area. The 2010 census recorded 1,201 residents, fewer than any other township in Erie County. However, the township's population gain of 9.6% since the 2000 census population of 1,096 is the largest increase in entire county.
A small section of NASA Glenn Research Center's Plum Brook Station facility is located in Oxford Township. Most notably, the Space Power Facility (SPF)---the world's largest thermal vacuum chamber---is located in the northeastern corner of the township.