Place:Ontario, New York, United States

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source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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Ontario County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,931. The county seat is the City of Canandaigua.

Ontario County is part of the Rochester, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2006, Progressive Farmer rated Ontario County as the "Best Place to Live" in the U.S., for its "great schools, low crime, excellent health care" and its proximity to Rochester.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Ontario County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, cutting through the Mohawk River valley. The county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County was later organized as 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years shortly before 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada, as tensions and physical conflicts were rising in central New York. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to honor the Continental general, Richard Montgomery. He had captured several places in Canada and died trying to capture the city of Quebec. It replaced the name of the hated British governor. Seth Reed, a Colonel in the Battle of Bunker Hill, moved here with his family as a pioneer between 1787 and 1795. see also Geneva (town), New York

Land-hungry settlers from New England swept into upstate and western New York after the Revolution, as nearly five million acres of new lands were available for purchase since the Iroquois had been forced to cede most of their territories to the United States. Four tribes had allied with the British and were mostly resettled in Canada: the Mohawk, Onondaga, and Seneca.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The territory first organized as Ontario County was much larger than at present and lay along the shore of Lake Ontario. As the area was settled, new counties were organized. At first it included what are currently twelve other counties and parts of two more: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, and Yates counties]], and parts of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

In 1796, Ontario County was divided and Steuben County was organized.

In 1802, Ontario County was reduced when Genesee County was split off. The new county was originally very large, including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara, Orleans and Wyoming Counties and parts of Livingston and Monroe counties.

In 1821, portions of Genesee County were combined with portions of Ontario County to create Livingston and Monroe counties.

In 1823, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Wayne County. The same year, a portion of Steuben County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Yates County.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1789 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1789 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1830 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 1,075
1800 15,218
1810 42,032
1820 88,267
1830 40,288
1840 43,501
1850 43,929
1860 44,563
1870 45,108
1880 49,541
1890 48,453
1900 49,605
1910 52,286
1920 52,652
1930 54,276
1940 55,307
1950 60,172
1960 68,070
1970 78,849
1980 88,909
1990 95,101

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Ontario County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county and town histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.rootsweb.com/~nyontari/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Ontario County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.