Place:Ninety Six, Greenwood, South Carolina, United States

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NameNinety Six
Alt namesCambridgesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45009557
Fort Ninety Sixsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45009557
Ninety-Sixsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45009557
TypeTown
Coordinates34.173°N 82.022°W
Located inGreenwood, South Carolina, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ninety Six is a town in Greenwood County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 1,998 at the 2010 census.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ninety Six was established in the early 18th century. The National Park Service operates the Ninety Six National Historic Site at the site of the original settlement. It became the capital city of the Ninety-Six District when it was established in July 1769.

Ninety Six figured prominently in the Anglo-Cherokee War and also in the southern campaigns of the American Revolutionary War. The first land battle of the revolution south of New England was fought here in 1775, and in 1780 the British fortified the strategically important frontier town.

From May 22 to June 18, 1781 Major General Nathanael Greene, with 1,000 American Patriot troops, besieged 550 American Loyalists who were defending Ninety Six. General Greene's chief engineer at the siege was the world renowned Polish hero Colonel Tadeusz Kościuszko, who was also wounded at the siege. This siege is described in the chapter Ninety-Six of the historic novel of Kenneth Roberts: Oliver Wiswell, 1940, as well as the 1855 novel The Forayers, by William Gilmore Simms. The American Loyalists survived the siege and moved to Rawdon, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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