Muttaburra is a small grazing town located in Central West Queensland, Australia. The town is located on the banks of the Thomson River, approximately north of the town of Longreach and north of Aramac. Muttaburra is located within the Barcaldine Region. At the 2006 census, Muttaburra and the surrounding area had a population of 106.
Muttaburra also has claims to fame, it was the discovery site of the Muttaburrasaurus, one of Australia's largest dinosaurs in 1963. The creature is believed to have been long, high from the hip and weighing . There is a full size replica in the town. The main industry of the area is grazing.
The Great Dividing Range is the main feature to the east of the Aramac Shire. The region is a sub-basin of the Great Artesian Basin. The Great Artesian Basin supplies water from bores to the towns of Muttaburra and Aramac. The area is well known for its good quality land that is used for sheep and cattle grazing.