Morocco (;, ), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. The Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maġribiyah, which translates to "The Western Kingdom", and Al-Maghrib, or Maghreb, meaning "The West", are commonly used as alternate names.
Morocco has a population of over 33 million and an area of . Its political capital is Rabat, although the largest city is Casablanca; other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, African, and European influences.
Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara as the "Southern Provinces". Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces that was brought to a cease-fire in 1991. U.N. efforts have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy, and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the Constitutinal court.
How places in Morocco are organized
All places in Morocco
Further information on historical place organization in Morocco