Mohawk students get their education from the Central Valley Central School District, a merger between the Ilion and Mohawk Central School Districts that took effect early in 2013. The sports teams of Central Valley call themselves the Thunder. Prior to this, Mohawk had called their teams the "Mohicans". The Mohawk Nation occupied the Mohawk Valley.
Mohawk was settled by Palatine Germans after 1722.
In 1725, the Queen of England and Governor Burnet granted Mohawk to the Palatine Germans in what was known as the Burnetsfield Patent.
George Washington was known to stop in Mohawk to have lunch at the Shoemaker Tavern on his way to and from Fort Stanwix in Rome, NY.
Mohawk became known as Bennetts Corners after a hotel stand that was located here in 1826.
In 1838, the village officially became known as Mohawk.
The village was incorporated on April 16, 1844. The first President of the Village, Frederick Bellinger came into office on May 4 of that same year.
The first Mayor of Mohawk was James V. Casey, was elected in 1960. The current mayor is Jim Baron.
Mohawk is one of only twelve villages in New York still incorporated under a charter, the other villages having incorporated or re-incorporated under the provisions of Village Law.
Among famous Mohawk natives are Francis E. Spinner, who served as Treasurer of the United States during and after the Civil War and was celebrated for his distinctive signature as well as the first federal official to employ women, and Gregory Jarvis, who died in the Challenger space shuttle disaster. The local high school, which was repurposed into a middle school following the Mohawk school district's merger with the Ilion school district, is named after him. Other famous natives of Mohawk include Walter G. Bruska, distinguished Cornell University alumnus, nationally-recognized collegiate football player, and vice president of several prominent American universities and Robert E. Fistick, also a Cornell alumnus, noted national journalist and newspaper publisher with Gannett, Hearst, and Whitney publishing organizations and later a deputy director at The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
On March 13, 2013, two people were shot to death and two others were injured at a barbershop in Mohawk, by 64-year-old Kurt Myers, who committed a killing spree throughout Herkimer County that day. Prior to the shootings Myers engulfed the apartment he was residing at and nearly killed a couple with a newborn child. Myers then drove less than 200 yards to John's Barbershop where two clients were killed and two wounded by shotgun blasts. Myers then drove to Herkimer where he shot to death two people at a car wash in the village of Herkimer. He was eventually located and cornered at the closed Glory Days bar in Herkimer. Myers was shot and killed by police the next day in Herkimer.