Meppen is a town in and the seat of the Emsland district of Lower Saxony, Germany, at the confluence of the Ems, Hase, and Nordradde rivers and the Dortmund-Ems canal (DEK). The name stems from the word Mappe, meaning "delta".
Meppen, formerly a fortified town, boasts 12 centuries of history.
1360—Meppen is granted the right to build city fortifications by Bishop Adolf of Münster, and thereby, town rights. Over the next three centuries until 1660, Meppen is built up as a fortified town.
1762—at the end of the Seven Years' War, the fortifications are demolished. Some walls remain standing today, however.
1803—Resolutions of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss assign Meppen to Louis Engelbert, 6th Duke of Arenberg, to compensate for the loss of his possessions on the west bank of the Rhine. Meppen becomes the capital of the dukedom of Arenberg.
1813–1814—Occupation by Prussia.
1855—Meppen connected to the Hannoverschen Westbahn railway line upon its opening.
1866—Hanover becomes a province of Prussia.