Meppen is a town in and the seat of the Emsland district of Lower Saxony, Germany, at the confluence of the Ems, Hase, and Nordradde rivers and the Dortmund-Ems canal (DEK). The name stems from the word Mappe, meaning "delta".
Meppen, formerly a fortified town, boasts 12 centuries of history.
1360—Meppen is granted the right to build city fortifications by Bishop Adolf of Münster, and thereby, town rights. Over the next three centuries until 1660, Meppen is built up as a fortified town.
1762—at the end of the Seven Years' War, the fortifications are demolished. Some walls remain standing today, however.
1803—Resolutions of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss assign Meppen to Louis Engelbert, 6th Duke of Arenberg, to compensate for the loss of his possessions on the west bank of the Rhine. Meppen becomes the capital of the dukedom of Arenberg.
1813–1814—Occupation by Prussia.
1855—Meppen connected to the Hannoverschen Westbahn railway line upon its opening.
1866—Hanover becomes a province of Prussia.
Since November 16, 1944 about 2,500 inmates of the Neuengamme concentration camp were transported to a prisoner of war camp in the quarter Versen. They are forced to build the so-called Friesenwall. On March 25, 1945 the SS cleared the camp and the inmates were forced to walk toward Bremen together with the inmates of the Dalum camp. Most of them were deported back to the Neuengamme camp, some were transported to Sandbostel camp Stalag X-B. The camp in Versen is listed as no. 927 Meppen-Versen in the official German list.